Chelsea WallerJ. ByrdAP Lit12 December, 2017 The Chronicles Of NarniaA Satire is a literary manner which blends a critical attitude with humor and wit for the purpose of improving human institutions or humanity. The Chronicles Of Narnia, The Lion, The Witch, And The Wardrobe is written by C.S Lewis as a fantasy, children’s literature novel and it takes place in England, during the World War II era. C.S Lewis was born 29 November 1898 to Flora August Hamilton Lewis and Albert J. Lewis. Lewis married a woman named Joy Davidman but the two of them had no children.
Being brought up in a Protestant Church, he lost his faith growing up but regained it when he converted to Christianity in 1931. He attended Malvern College, Campbell College, and University of Oxford where he studied Celtic Literature and myths but gained many sorts of degrees. However, in 1917, he volunteered to join the British army during World War I. After he came home hurt, he focused on his literature and became one of the top English writers of all time. C.S Lewis died in 1963 from kidney failure.
The Chronicles Of Narnia is a story of a country hidden behind a wardrobe and a few dozen coats. The land claimed to be as Narnia is only known by the characters Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy. The children were taken far away from London because of the war and sent to live with an old professor that goes by the name of Kirke. One rainy day, while playing the game of hide and seek, Lucy, the youngest, hides in a wardrobe where her curiosity gets the best of her as she follows the closet further back through winter coats and finds herself in a snowy world known as Narnia.
Lucy finds her way back to her siblings of whom did not believe her discoverings. Edmund, the second youngest, follows Lucy one day and finds himself in Narnia taken over by the White Witch. Gluttony takes over the boy when he is enchanted by the witch’s Turkish Delight that Edmund soon breaks away to join all of his siblings in Narnia. When Peter and Susan join them in snowy land, they meet with The Lion, Aslan, who they become very fond with. The evil queen portrays Edmund as a traitor and a traitor must face death in her eyes.
Aslan makes a deal with the devil when he chose to give his life to save Edmonds but after his sacrifice, he rose again to help the children fight a war with Satan’s servant. The Witch wants to avoid an ancient prophecy that says that four humans will someday reign over Narnia and overthrow her evil treachery. Aslan, Susan, Lucy, and Peter’s army of Narnians set out to overthrow the Queen once and for all. The four are crowned Kings and Queens of Narnia and rule the land for many years until they find the lamppost that symbolizes the border between their world and Narnia. As they return, their bodies are children forms as they were the night they entered Narnia for the first time. The four share the adventure with Professor Kirke and he informs them that they one day will return again.
In the Chronicles Of Narnia by C.S. Lewis, the characters portray the insidious superficiality of Society through religion, politics and moral values. Lewis wanted to present a Christian message and present the truth of Jesus Christ through his story of Narnia. High roles are to be played and prophecies to be fulfilled by the young characters. They are presented with qualities such as integrity, righteousness, and virtue. C.
S Lewis portrayed The Chronicles Of Narnia off of religion. The most important character in the novel, who plays the role of Jesus Christ, has the name of Aslan. Aslan is central to the christian faith as Christ is in Narnia. Aslan performs incarnation, crucifixion, and resurrection when he is tied down by the white witch for punishment that was leading to the death of him and then coming back to life to help those who need him most, the true meaning of sacrifice. In the story of Christ, God sends his only son to die for our sins and in mosts interpretation, Aslan sacrifices himself so that Edmund could be saved.Throughout the story, Edmund accepts redemption and salvation the same way christians do to accept Christ in their heart. In the beginning, Edmund fell under the witch’s rule when she offers him the turkish delight and “.
.. anyone who had once tasted it would want more and more of it, and would even, if were allowed, go on eating it till they killed themselves” (Lewis 38). This brought Edmund back time after time and even betrayed his family to do so. This happens the same way when it comes to the sinful greed.
We become it, the more we take but even the greatest sins can be forgiven. He soon realized that the witch was using him and the only way she’d give him up was if blood was spilled on his behalf. This is when Aslan sacrifices himself to save Edmund, THUS what Jesus Christ did when he died for our sins. The archetype we see in the novel isn’t just Aslan and Christ, but it is The Witch and the devil. She claims the throne of Narnia by force the same way Satan tried to overthrow god and become the ruler of the universe. By being the queen, The Witch has the right to kill any narnian caught in the act of treachery and that is a literal representation of satan imposing on spiritual death, sending to hell and sending fire upon, after the death of a body. She uses her golden wand to turn those into stone and the Turkish Delight to make slaves out of greed.
“This is Spring. What are we to do? Your winter has been destroyed I tell you! This is Aslan’s doing” (Lewis 122). Winter is to hell for The Queen as Spring and Summer is the Heaven for Aslan.
C.S Lewis made it clear by presenting this for the interpretation of religion portrayed in the novel. Aslan, the true king, runs an informal politician… he has the heart of the narnians. They trust him as a leader and a protector of the realm. The Narnians believe in Aslan because he brings summer in their eyes and hope in their heart. The white witch uses her golden wand to turn narnians into stone but with the breath of the great Aslan, the stone breaks.
“The whole crowd of liberated statues surged back into the courtyard” (Lewis 172). Aslan saved all of those the witch had turned and they all owe their life to him. Wrong will be right, when aslan comes in sight,At the sound of his roar, sorrows will be no more,When he bares his teeth, Winter meets its death,And when he shakes his mane, We shall have spring again.
(Lewis 79) The thing with politics, there must be justice. In The Chronicles Of Narnia, justice was at the stone table and the battle field. In the Witch’s eyes, Edmund was a traitor and therefore he must die. Aslan, taking his place, saved him but was the queen going to take his word? The White Witch says… “Fool, did you think that by all this you would save the human traitor? …But when you are dead what will prevent me from killing him as well? … you have lost your own life and you have not saved his” (155) She was going to kill Edmund no matter what but she planned to kill two birds with one stone.
After Aslan was dead, she headed for Peters army of narnians. They were well prepared. Susan and Lucy stayed with Aslan as he lied on the stone table. They removed his muzzle the white witch had placed on him and took off the ropes to tie him down.
As they walked away, a voice shouted behind them. Aslan had rison. While the two were quite confused, Aslan explained, “.
.. when a willing victim who had committed no treachery was killed in a traitor’s stead, the table would crack and Death itself would start working backwards” (163) The three found everyone on the battlefield and Aslan charged the queen putting justice in its rightful place. The war was over. Aslan was a true hero.
The children felt comfort when the thought of him came to mind, “…
Peter felt brave and adventurous…Susan delt delightful strain…Lucy got the feeling you have when you realize it’s the beginning of the holidays.
.but Edmund felt horror” Lewis (68). Edmund had changed throughout the novel by realizing his true value and purpose. He felt forgiveness, something everyone owed him. Though he was young, he took pride in helping the war against the person who wronged others and brought him greed. He thought he was doing right but in reality he was becoming a traitor though every sin can be forgiven in which it was. Right or wrong, the narnians came out strong.
The prophecy was said to be.. “two daughters of eve and two sons of adam” will destroy the queen and reign over Narnia. Susan, Lucy, Peter, and Edmund were crowned by Aslan and ruled over Narnia for many years.
The witch’s followers either ran or gave themselves up but either way, Narnia wasn’t winter anymore… it was Summer. Holidays and beautiful weather was returned to Narnia because the witch forbidden it. Aslan announced…”To the glistening eastern sea, I give you Queen Lucy the Valiant. To the great western wood, King Edmund the Just. To the radiant southern sun, Queen Susan the Gentle. And to the clear northern sky, I give you King Peter the Magnificent” (Lewis) The story sends a religious message that children can understand through characters of a children’s novel: The Lion, Witch.
Christ lives on through literature more than we realize. “It is a reflection more of our polarized moment—in which a perceived cultural divide has alienated Christians from secular culture and secular readers from anything that smacks of religious leanings—than of the relative aesthetic merits and weaknesses of Lewis’ books” (Meghan O’Rourke). The moment Meghan speaks of, is present time. We are blind to see that a god truly exists and its best to see it through something so simple such as a children’s book… what better way to dumb down the truth.
The four main characters: Peter, Susan, Edmund, and Lucy, are presented to be the followers of christ. They have a heavy road ahead, but the light is at the end of the tunnel.