Autism spectrum disorders in adolescence and early adulthood: Characteristics and issues I chose this topic and article because my 19 year old has a developmental delay with some symptoms of autism. I would use some of the information from this article that I selected but there are many articles on autism. Some of the factors that will affect social development in adulthood would be lack of communication skills and eye contact as well as other behaviors associated with autism like many do not communicate but always have to make loud moaning noises which tend to annoy many people.

Many with autism are in there on world and do not try to communicate or participate in other activities with people. A midlife transition can bring about boredom with self, life, people, wanting to go do things you never did before questioning life and the meaning of it and where your life is going. Autism Spectrum Disorders: Definitions Autism is a pervasive brain developmental disorder which affects social and communication skills and, to a greater or lesser degree, motor and language skills.

It is such a broad diagnosis that it can include people with high IQ’s and mental retardation – and people with autism can be chatty or silent, affectionate or cold, methodical or disorganized. So, what exactly is an autism spectrum disorder? What is Autism? Autism is a severe developmental disorder that begins at birth or within the first two-and-a-half years of life. Most autistic children are perfectly normal in appearance, but spend their time engaged in puzzling and disturbing behaviors which are markedly different from those of typical children.

Less severe cases may be diagnosed with Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) or with Asperger’s Syndrome (these children typically have normal speech, but they have many “autistic” social and behavioral problems). Left untreated, many autistic children will not develop effective social skills and may not learn to talk or behave appropriately. The good news is that there are a wide variety of treatment options which can be very helpful. Some treatments may lead to great improvement, whereas other treatments may have little or no effect.

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No treatment helps everyone. How common is it? For many years autism was rare – occurring in just five children per 10,000 live births. However, since the early 1990’s, the rate of autism has increased exponentially around the world with figures as high as 60 per 10,000. Boys outnumber girls four to one. In 2007, the Centers for Disease Control reported that 1 in 150 children are diagnosed with autism. What is the Outlook? Age at intervention has a direct impact on outcome–typically, the earlier a child is treated, the better the prognosis or outcome will be.


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