CHAPTER1 INTRODUCTIONA BACKGROUND Vocabulary is one of the mostimportant things to remember in order to understand and to use the four Englishskill (speaking, reading, writing, grammar) without vocabulary it is impossibleto use those four skills Therefore the writer was observed in SMPN 34 Samarinda and the writer has foundproblem on learning speaking in English.
The students of SMPN 34 Samarindastill have a weak understanding about how the teacher explain the materialabout vocabulary and they couldn’t use it properly in their daily life. theresult of that is the students felt bored and the purpose of the study in theclass is became impossible to achieve. In teaching activities, certain mediahave a good effect in order to increase the interest of the students in theclass. One of the media that can be used is video. Video can be made by theteacher or the teacher can find it on the internet. In general the video has manybenefits beside attract the interest of students. Therefore, the teacher mustbe able to find the right video so both the material and the video will becoherence. Starting from this point the writer is interested in find out “THEEFFECTIVENESS OF USING VIDEO IN TEACHING VOCABULARY AT THIRD GRADE OF SMPN 34SAMARINDA IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2016/2017” B RESEARCH QUESTIONS`is there anysignificant correlation between using video and vocabulary mastery among the third grade student’s in SMPN 34 SAMARINDA in academic year2016/2017?C PURPOSE OF THE STUDYTo determine whetherthere is any significant correlation between using video and vocabulary masteryamong the third grade student’s in SMPN34 SAMARINDA in academic year 2016/2017? D.
HYPHOTHESISNull hyphothesis “video has no positive effect in teachingvocabulary”Alternative hyphothesis “video has positive effect in teachingvocabulary”E DEFINITIONOF THE KEY TERM 1. Correlation : according to oxford dictionaries correlation is a mutual relationship or connection between two or morethings, therefore this mean that correlation is the connection between two ormore things.2.
video : according to merriam webster dictionariesvideo is a digital recording of an image or set of images (such as movie oranimation) it means that the video is a series of image that were showncontinuously 3. vocabulary :according to vocabulary.com vocabulary is a listing of a words used in someenterprise.
Therefore the definition of vocabulary is a list of word inlanguage4. mastery according to Merriam Webster dictionariesmastery is a possession or display or great skilss or techniques it means thatmastery is a condition where we master some kind of field or material 5. third grade students of SMPN34 samarindain this study mean the students who have studied at SMPN 34 for three years6. SMPN 34 Samarinda an junior school that located in Aminah Syukurstreet. CHAPTER IIREVIEWOF RELATED LITERATURE 1. DEFINITION OF VOCABULARY MASTERY According to (Cameron, 2001: 75) Vocabulary is one of the language aspects which should be learnt.Learning vocabulary is important because we are able tospeak, write, and listen nicely we have to know vocabulary first. A person saidto ‘know ‘ a word if they can recognize its meaning when they see it.
so,the conclusion was that we have to master vocabulary inorder to comprehend and master the 4 skills in English which were speaking,reading, writing and listening. Without vocabulary it will be hard to masterall those skills therefore theresearcher try to identify how to mastervocabulary with a video as a media.2. TECHNIQUE OF TEACHING VOCABULARY In teaching vocabulary there are few techniquethat we may apply in order to teach in order to increase the studentsvocabulary mastery Accordingto scott thornbury (2002) these are theway to teach vocabulary1. Teaching Word Formation and Word Combination This kind of technique make the student to make a new words by compound 2 kinds of word into1 and the result is that it will create a new form of word and also a newmeaning. This also stated by scott thornbury (116) words can be formed by theaddition of prefixes and suffixes a process called affxation.
2. A Lexical ApproachAccording to scott thornbury (p.112) a lexical approach to language teachingforegrounds vocabulary learning, both in the form of individual, high frequencywords, and in the form of word combination. This mean that this type oftechnique is not only focus on one individual skills but also may help othersto learn vocabulary in a group.3. Teaching Lexical Chunks This type of technique will make the students tomake their own word chunks such as “what does X mean?” and they do it on theirown and also sometimes by teacher guide. According to Scott Thornbury(p.116) by increasing the stock ofclassroom phrases, teachers can exploit the capacity of chunks to provide theraw material for the later acquisition of grammar.
It means that this type oftechnique not also help the student with their vocabulary mastery but alsotheir grammar4. Teaching word grammarThis type of technique was focusing not only onvocabulary but also on grammar. According to scott thornbury(p.122) words thatare related in meaning to either say or tell tend to fall into one of these twopatterns. In conclusion that in order to help student’s vocabulary mastery theteacher also need to tell them meaning in grammatically view. 5. Teaching phrasal verbsAccording to scott thornbury (p.
123) phrasal verbs areanother instance of fuzziness at the boundary between words and grammar. Inthis type of technique students are taught the difference between lexicalmeaning and the grammatical form in a words and without the students realize it,their vocabulary mastery was also increasing at the same time 6. Teaching idiomsIn this type of technique the students are being taught toknow the meaning of the sentence. According to scott thornbury (p.
127) idiomsare difficult to understand because they are not easily unpacked. It means theteacher have to be helpful and gives the students a help they need 3. USING VIDEO AS A TEACHING MEDIAIn learning activities there are few aspects that we need tohave and one of them is the instrument of teaching, in this research the mediaor the instrument that the researcher observe is the use of video as aninstrument to teach vocabulary mastery. According to Berk, R. A. (2009)(p.2) A video can have a strong effect on your mind and senses.
The video has agood benefit both for students and the teacher because both of them will have abetter way to connect in order to gain and give the knowledge in the classroom B. PREVIOUS STUDY1. THE EFFECT OF USING PLAYSTATION INVOCABULARY MASTERY OF THE FIRST GRADE STUDENTS OF SMP NEGERI 6 SAMARINDA IN2013/2014 ACADEMIC YEAR (WRITTEN BY IBNU SIDIQ 0905085226) this study concludethat they are a correlation between the use of playstation and the increasingof their vocabulary mastery 2.
A STUDY ON THE STUDENTS VOCABULARYMASTERY OF THE FIFTH YEAR STUDENTS OF SDN 020 SAMARINDA ILIR 2012/2013 (WRITTENBY ANASTASIA 0705085443) although this study was an descriptive research thewriter find the similarity and conclude that the theory in this research willbe helpful in order to find the result of the writer research. CHAPTER IIIRESEARCH METHODOLOGY1. RESEARCHDESIGNThe researcher uses a simple correlational forthis research.
According to William M.Trochim(2002:p26) A correlational relationshipsimply says that two things perform in a synchronized manner .therefore, the writeruses an correlational method in order to find the connection between the use ofvideo in teaching vocabulary and the student vocabulary comprehension 2. POPULATION AND SAMPLEThe populations of this study are students taken from third gradeof SMPN 34 SAMARINDA IN ACADEMIC YEAR 2016/2017. There are 5 class each consistof 40 students. therefore there are 200 students in the third grade and thesample of this study is only 8B which consist 40 students.
On this research thewriter uses a simple random sampling. According to Frerichs, R.R.(2008) Subjects inthe population are sampled by a random process, using either a random numbergenerator or a random number table, so that each person remaining in thepopulation has the same probability of being selected for the sample. It meansall the subjects in the population has the same chance to be chosen as a samplefor this research 3. DATA COLLECTIONTECHNIQUEIn order to get thedata, the researcher does these procedures: 1. at the meeting, the researchertaught them vocabulary by using video2.Students pays attention to the researcher explanations .
3.The researcher then gives them a quesstionnare in order to get the data fromthem. 4.
the researcher then asked them to give back the quesstionarre.5.the researcher calculate the result from the quesstionnare 4. INSTRUMENT(S)Theresearcher using 2 instruments togain the data from the population there are a quesstionnare paper.
video as amedia to teach and an quesstionnare which consists of 20 item of questions. 5. DATAANALYSIS TECHNIQUEThe researcherusing correlation technique in order to compared the score of vocabularycomprehension and scores of video as a teaching media. To find the correlationamong these 2 variables the researcher using Product Moment Correlationcoefficient formula.
REFERENCESCameron.Lynne. (2001). Teaching Language to Young Learners. New York: CambridgeUniversity Press SCOTTTHORNBURY (2002) How To Teach vocabulary.
England : Pearson Education Limited Berk, R. A.(2009). Multimedia teaching with video clips: TV, movies, YouTube, and mtvU inthecollegeclassroom.
International Journal of Technology in Teaching and Learning, 5(1),1–21. researchmethods knowledge base by William M. Trochim, Cornell University p26 Frerichs,R.R.
Rapid Surveys (unpublished), © 2008 https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/correlation( accessed on 27 december 2017) https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/video ( accessed on27 december 2017) https://www.vocabulary.com/dictionary/vocabulary ( accessed on27 december 2017) https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mastery( accessed on 27 december 2017)