CHAPTER 1 Introduction The increasing number of water hyacinth(Eichhorniacrassipes) that having effects to make our river more polluted area,it blocks the waterways in drainages and in rivers that can cause of bad smellin our community because of stocked garbages and it steals the nutrients thatfishes require because of its rapid reproduction. Four million die every yearbecause of in-house air pollution mainly due to firewood used for cooking. Theproduction of traditional charcoal has high rate that’s why a lot of treesbeing logged just to produce traditional charcoal and it has a big effect inour environtment like global warming. One of the existing solution to thisproblem is the smokeless charcoal made of water hyacinth. Two young ladies fromthe University of the Philippines-Visayas teamed up with two Malaysianengineers to convert water hyacinth clogging lakes and rivers into eco-friendlycharcoal for cooking. Our eco-friendly charcoal are cheaper, burn longer andare actually smokeless. The main objective of this research is toavoid too much pollution that is caused by a charcoal that is made up ofburning wood.
Aside from that, this research want to lessen the number of waterhyacinth and also want to produce a charcoal that could lessen the pollution onair. The researchers cut the water hyacinthinto two and prepare all the ingredients needed, after that it mix all togetherand put it under the sun and let it dry for an hour. The water hyacinth as analternative charcoal is smokeless and more cheaper. Statement of the Problem • What is the acceptabilityof the quality attributes of amylum bound water hyacinth offal charcoal asalternative biofuel?• What is the duration ofburning of the products when set on flame?• What is the smoke emissioncharacteristic per charcoal type?• What is the gross salesand profit of charcoal from amylum bound water hyacinth offal?• Which among amylum boundwater hyacinth offal charcoal and wood offal charcoal is most acceptable,salable, profitable and with the highest return of investment? • Is there significantdifference on the acceptability of the quality attributes among this charcoal? Hypothesis There is no significant difference on theacceptability of the quality attributes among amylum bound water hyacinth offalcharcoal cornstarch bound water hyacinth offal charcoal and wood offalcharcoal. Scope andDelimitation This research will focus on waterhyacinth to make an alternativecharcoal from it, including the ingredients such as amylum, news paper andwater with salt and after the mixture of all ingredients, it will be dried bythe light from the sun because it is the most natural way that can be used as adryer of water hyacinth, and the water hyacinth will get from the river withthe help and participation from the researchers of this study. The system andprocedure of this research will be managed by the natural process or hand tohand working to produce an alternative charcoal from water hyacinth without anyexpenses. No smoke emission measuring equipment used only common observation.
This research can give a lot of ideas that can be applied to many people andthey can used it to produced a very purposive product that they can easily useas their business and also they can help some environmental problems in ourcountry in terms of lessening the amount of trees being cutted to produced atraditional charcoal and also reducing the amount of waste being blocked by thewater hyacinth in the river. Significance of the study The importance of this research is to provethat people can use some objects or characteristics of nature that people thinkare not important. Environment.This may help to lessen the pollution in pasig river or other bodies ofwater and it can reduce the stocked garbages so the river will have a betterflow. Government.
This may help them to be a good leader of this production of alternativebiofuel because government officials are powerful in terms of facilitating theentire community so they can be more effective for poverty reduction. Community.This may help to make an organized community and to earn money because thisresearch can reduce a lot of water hyacinth and produce eco-friendly product sothe people are able to contribute moneyvoluntarily for their community savings. Academic.This may help the students to improve their higher thinking skill and todiscover more solutions for many problems around the world so they can be agood role model for the next generation. FutureResearchers.
This may help them to gather more information aboutalternative biofuel and it can be a good background to make higher research,experiment, and study to solved and overcome the other environmental problems. Definition of terms • Water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) – It is the main subjectof this research to make an alternative charcoal. • Basin – Where the researchers put the waterhyacinth and newspaper with water and salt to soaked it.• Gawgaw(starch, amylum) – Theresearchers used amylum for the mixture of all ingredients to make it morethicky, so that it will be easy to mold.• Offal- refuse or waste material. • Newspaper – It is a part of themixture, so that the charcoal will be more easier to ignite.
Conceptual Framework INPUT PROCESS OUTPUT• Production• Duration of burning test• SmokeEmissionTest• Survey• Selling• Return on InvestmentComputation• Data Analysis Amylum-boundCharcoal made from water hyacinthINGREDIENTS• Water hyacinth• News paper• Amylum• Water with salt FEEDBACK