CHAPTER 1THE PROBLEMAND ITS SETTINGBackground of the Study The advent of technology has been anessential part in daily interaction where teenagers adopt to interact andcommunicate with others. Cyber bullying has been a growing and transpiringconcern among teenagers. The medium used by people to harass and threat othersis social media.
Cyber bullying is defined as sending or posting harmful orrude text or images by means of using internet or other digital communicationdevices (Williard, 2004). Today, the youth prefers technology either in theform of messaging and chats or through social media sites in engaging withothers. It has been evident that adolescents foresee their technologicaldevices as their precious possession of all.
The UnitedStates of America is well-known for high rates of cyber bullying. 15% of the parents said that cyber bullyinghas been experienced by their child (Ipsos, 2012). Almost anywhere else in theworld, cyber bullying is high in cases, with 3 out of every 10 childrenaffected (Speedkingz, 2010). Ybarra and Mitchell (2004) surveyed internet usein 1, 501 youths aged 10- 17 years.
In 2016, 12% reported being aggressive tosomeone online, targets of aggression were 4%, and a percentage of 3% were bothaggressors and targets. Those who used the internet more at home were moreinvolved as aggressors; and aggressors used it more frequently thannon-involved youths. These authors saidthat the internet maybe used by some victims of conventional bullying to attackothers.
The Erentaite,et. al., (2012) investigated that among various forms of bullying, 41.5% becamevictims of verbal and 5.8% were bullied through websites where 3% of them arebeing targeted by their relatives.
At present, in the world of technology, 97%of teenagers uses internet in their daily activities (Lenhart et al., 2005);whereas per UCLA Internet Report, half of them own personal digital devices forcommunication including cellphones, tablets, iPhones etc. A research conductedby National Children’s Home in Great Britain investigated that teenagers areelectronically harassed via mobile phones with 16%, SMS with 7% and online chatroom with 4%.
About 60 millionor 58% of the total population have access to the internet and it has grown by27% in the past 12 months in the Philippines. 58% of the Philippines have a monthlyactive account on the top social network in terms of social media penetration.The percentages are based against country populations. The Philippines rankabove the global average of 37% as a result (Barriero, 2017).
Furthermore,through social media, 80% of teenagers aged 13 to 16 have been cyber bulliedthrough social media, (Child-care nonprofit Stairway Foundation Inc., 2015).While 80% of teenagers are cyber bullied through social media, 60% of theircounterparts in the 7 to 12 age bracket suffered the same abuse. The surveyalso flaunt that 30% of children aged 7 to 12 and a percentage of 40% of 13 to16 were aware of peers who endured cyber bullying (Takumi, 2016).In Cebu City,about 1, 268 school children aged 7 to 12 and 1, 143 aged 13 to 16 were coveredin the survey administered.
By means of threatening, 3 out of 10 children aged7 to 12 were bullied, 2 were oppressed through photo editing, 1 was humiliatedor had their private conversations exposed, and 3 were either excluded or impersonatedthrough fake accounts (Takumi, 2016).This study willbe of help to the education community in taking actions by formulatingsolutions towards the increasing cases of cyber bullying. In social media, itcould also help the parents to determine the positive types of onlineengagement of their children. Moreover, this could somehow help in identifyingthe bullies and the bullied.Research Objectives Thegeneral objective of this study is to determine the relationship of socialmedia engagement and students perception towards cyber bullying. Specifically,this study aimed to:1. determinethe level Social Media Engagement of the respondents in terms of:a. SocialNetworkingb.
Bloggingc. Microbloggingd. PhotoSharinge. VideoSharing;2 determinethe level of students perception towards cyber bullying in terms of a. Harassmentb. Denigrationc.
Masqueraded. Exclusion;and 3 determinethe relationship between Social Media Engagement and Students Perceptiontowards Cyber bullying. Hypothesisof the Study The general objective of the studyis to find the relationship between social media engagement and studentsperception towards cyber bullying. The researchers hypothesized that socialmedia engagement and student’s perception towards cyber bullying has asignificant correlational relationship with each other.
This hypothesis istested with 95% confidence level and with 0.05 level of significance.