Colombia and the War on Drugs. Foreign Affairs, 67(1),70-92. doi:10.2307/20043675Bagley (1988) discussesColumbia’s involvement with the war on drugs. Although marijuana and otheropiates were initially the primary drugs being shipped to the U.S.
byColumbians, in the early 80s, cocaine soon took over. The cartel began toexpand as cocaine started taking over the trade. As the cartel was growing,Pablo Escobar became more involved with politics, so he could create hisfollowing. Before he went into politics, most Columbian traffickers didn’tbother getting involved with politics. Before the war on drugs began to blowup, the Columbian government didn’t do much to stop drug trafficking.Eventually they reached out to the U.S.
for help in training. As the U.S. beganto support Columbia’s military to fight drug trafficking, Columbia began to getmore resources to supply their military. Even though the government wasreceiving help to fight, there were still some Columbian officials who werecorrupted and even blamed the U.S for corruption. They wanted to keep the drugtrafficking alive.
Although Bagleydoesn’t mention Pablo Escobar’s mugshot which is my artifact, the article doesdiscuss Columbia during the war on drugs. The article touches up on Columbia’sand even Pablo Escobar’s involvement with drug trafficking and even politics.Pobutsky, A. B.
(2013).Peddling pablo: Escobar’s cultural renaissance. Hispania, 96(4),684-699.
10.1353/hpn.2013.0104Pobutsky (2013) mentions thedeath of Pablo Escobar and just what his reputation brought to Columbia.Although the kingpin was dead, his legacy lived on throughout Columbia when itcame to drug trafficking.
Pablo Escobar’s death still brought him fame. Forinstance, a painting was dedicated to him by Fernando Botero. After his death,Columbia’s violence and drug trafficking would seem to subside. But instead, ithas gotten worse and increased.Pobutsky didn’t mention themugshot either.
But I decided to include this journal since it touches up onPablo Escobar’s legacy. Pobutsky discusses how the legacy still lives on inColumbia. Instead of the drug trafficking and violence coming to an end, it infact, continued and even increased.M Jaramillo, C. (2017). Pabloescobar: Zoomania in the narco imperium.
the glorification of the cocainenetwork. The Design Journal, 20(sup1), S4697.10.1080/14606925.
2017.1352968Jaramillo (2017)compares the world of drug trafficking, or more specifically, Columbia andPablo Escobar to the kind of power that comes from a zoo, as well as hisfascination with animals. The illegal money which was brought in to Columbiathrough drug trafficking, would then be legalized by investing in somethingwhich wouldn’t raise suspicion. Even though this was the reasonable thing to doto hide the fact criminals were getting their money illegally, Mr. Escobarwanted to flaunt his success as a businessman instead. Eventually Pablo Escobarbegan to turn his dreams into a reality by starting his very own zoo. Jaramillostates Escobar’s son comparing the zoo to Disneyland. In Columbia, Escobar wasa popular man in a positive aspect despite the drug trafficking.
When he openedhis zoo, he wanted it to be open to the public as well as free of charge tovisit. He wanted the poor people of Columbia to be able to visit and enjoynature just as he did. Although, the drug-lord wanted to turn his dream into areality, many people saw this as another way for a smuggler to traffic theirdrugs. They didn’t see the point in having another zoo, especially since it wasPablo Escobar.Like the others,Jaramillo doesn’t discuss my artifact which his Pablo Escobar’s mugshot.
But itgives the kingpin a sense a humanity. The article talks about Pablo Escobar’slove for the animal kingdom, it also relates the narco-world to his zoo whichwas full of exotic animals. Much like narcotics, Pablo Escobar had his animalsshipped in illegally. His zoo was also frowned upon by officials since they sawit as another opportunity for Escobar to import and export his drugs.Thompson, D. P. (1996).
Pablo escobar, drug baron: His surrender,imprisonment, and escape. Studies in Conflict and Terrorism, 19(1), 55-91.10.1080/10576109608435996Thompson (1996) discussed Pablo Escobar’s background as well ashis story dealing with the world of narcos. Pablo Escobar’s family history ismentioned, as it tells just where he came from. His father was a farm manager,mother a school teacher.
But best of all, and one of the people Escobar reallylooked up to, was his godfather, a delegate for United Nations as well as ahighly respected man. This caused Pablo Escobar to become more interested andinvolved with politics even at a young age. When his criminal organizationstarted making more profit, he even created organization which would providehousing to the homeless. Even though Escobar was a criminal, when it came topolitics, he made many politicians look bad and even posed a threat due totheir own corruption.
Pablo was an idealistic competitor to politicians sincehe showed sympathy for the people of Columbia. He also couldn’t be bought byanyone since he didn’t need the money. While Pablo Escobar was prospering, theUnited States was beginning to crack down on drug traffickers.
Even though theybegan increasing their task force to stop the trafficking, smugglers beganchanging their routes causing the US to become desperate. Whenever theyapprehended a small shipment they would broadcast it for the nation to see.Traffickers became aware of what was happening and began sacrificing smallershipments, so the task force would be too distracted to focus on the biggershipments.Thompson doesn’t quite mention the mugshot taken. But Pablo Escobar’sarrests were mentioned. The article was about the events which happened betweenhis first initial arrest to his death. Escobar was politically active for the peopleof Columbia and a big threat to many politicians who were also corrupt. The waron drugs favored Columbia as well as Escobar in the beginning, but eventually PabloEscobar surrendered to law enforcement, escaped from prison and was hunted downand killed by the Columbian police.
Bowley, J. (2013). RobinHood or Villain: The Social Constructions of Pablo Escobar.
Honors Collegeat University of Maine. Retrieved from https://digitalcommons.library.umaine.edu/honors/109 Bowley (2013)