At exactly 4:53 p.m.
Haiti wassuffering, a Tuesday evening of January 12, 2010 wasn’t so pleasant forHaitians. This monster came barging in at full energy, this monster felt noremorse for the Haitians hitting them at a magnitude of 7.0. leaving thousandsof people dead. Historyof Haiti and strike of the 2010 earthquakeHaiti is in the northeast Caribbean, Port-au-Prince being thenation’s capital. Haiti has suffered other natural disasters, such ashurricanes and tropical storms. Nothingcompares to the 2010 hurricane, which was the strongest the region had in morethan 200 years. Other than this earthquake being the strongest the region had,Haiti is also the poorest country in the Western Hemisphere, resulting inpolitical corruption and violence, malnutrition, disease and limited education.
Being the poorest country and getting hit by an earthquake with a 7.0 magnitudeis truly unfair. Whatdoes this all mean? A 7.o magnitude in the Richter scale meansmajor earthquake, equals serious damage. In this case an earthquake happens dueto tectonic plates. Tectonic plates move around, slide past one another andbump into each other.
Tectonic plates tend to have edges that are called plateboundaries, which are made of faults. The faults are rough edges that get suckwhile the plate keeps on moving. Eventually the edges tend to unstick on one ofthe fault and it causes an earthquake. Oncethe faults unstick, the stored energy built into the moving particles causingfriction to release the energy. Which forms into seismic waves. Shaking theearth while moving through it. Once it reaches the surface of earth, they shakeanything that’s on their way.
The two types of seismic waves are S waves and Pwaves. The P waves tend to travel faster than the S waves. If someone is closerto the earthquake they’ll probably feel he P wave first and then, the S wavewould come right after. On the other hand, we have a subduction zone which is aregion of the Earth’s crust, where tectonic plates meet. There’s a divergentboundary, which is basically a trench.
There’s the convergent boundary, wherethe plates collide and form mountains. Lastly, the transform boundary where theplates tend to slide past each other, creating a fault line.