AssignmentCover Sheet  Student ID Number/s: Student Surname/s: Given name/s: MIT172862 Chudal Susan MIT173142 Nepal Deepa MIT173396 Rijal Pratham       Course: Written Report School: MIT Unit code:BN101 Unit title: Effective Participation at Work Due date:31/01/2018 Date submitted:31/01/2018 Campus: Sydney Lecturer: Dr. Binta Abubakar Tutor: Dr. Binta Abubakar                                                                REPORTON SUSTAINABLE TOURISM                      Prepared by:-         SusanChudal-         PrathamRijal-         DeepaNepal                                                                                                                                                                                                                   Submitted to:                                                                                                                         -: Dr.

BintaAbubakar     EXECUTIVE SUMMARYIn this report, the tourism strategy of Australia gives anintelligent and far reaching introduction of the advancement of sustainabletourism, and the way of implementing the sustainable tourism in Australia. The study comprises of seven agenda, as given below. In thefirst agenda which is background and introduction of sustainable tourism, thatconstitutes the definition of it and the previous years of Australian tourism.Similarly, second content includes the aim and objectives of sustainabletourism which regards to: a) understanding the concepts b) Understanding theimportance of sustainable tourism c) what are the roles and responsibility totourists d) how can you help the development of sustainable tourism e) Raiseawareness in terms of Australia. Moreover, third content includes theprinciples of sustainable tourism. In this report, there are also theadvantages and disadvantages of tourism as well as sustainable tourism, andalso have the example of famous tourism area of Australia which is GREAT BARRIERREEF, and strategy to implement the sustainable tourism in that area.The set points and targets are to be accomplished inside thestructure of a practical improvement which regards the common and human conditionwhile in the meantime, augments the advantages to the national economy andsociety and secures nature.

Likewise, with respect to the neighborhood groups,monetary development and expanded in general business and social movement arerelied upon to positively affect the personal satisfaction of the indigenouspopulace and on all parts of their social and social activities.          Table of Content  Titles Page Number –         Introduction and Background 5 –         Methodology 6 –         Objectives 6 –         Principles of Sustainable Tourism 7 –         Advantages and disadvantages of Tourism 7 –         Advantages of Sustainable Tourism 8 –         Great Barrier Reef and its Strategy 8, 9 –         Conclusion 9 –         Reference 10               1.   Introduction and BackgroundSustainable Tourism is the industry which canestablished a comfortable balanced between the environment, economic, andsocio-cultural aspects of tourisms growth, and also play vital role inpreserving bio-diversity. Tourism may be a best among the world’s fastest rateof developing commercial enterprises. Sustainable tourism is being most popularin today’s context of world. Tourism has become an important economic activityin the world. Well-planned sustainable tourism programs provide opportunitiesfor the visitor to experience natural areas and human communities. The main benefits of tourism are income creation andgeneration of jobs.

Talking about the Australian Tourism activity, millions ofpeople visit Australia in a year. Many important (world famous) places likeOpera House, Darling Harbor Bridge is situated in Sydney. Also, there are manyplaces and beaches where people enjoy a lot. One of the important place tovisit is Great Barrier Reef of Australia, which plays vital role in thepreservation of tourism industry of Australia. (Taylor and Francis Online, 2010)         Source: OECD Image In the above figure, it shows about thestatistical data of tourism in Australia, which is being increased year byyear. Australia isbecoming quicker than all major propelled economies and well over the OECDnormal. The economy is conjecture to develop by 2½ for each penny in both2015-16 and 2016-17 and to get to 3 for every penny in 2017-18.

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Close termfinancial development is being bolstered by family unit spending, interest inlodging and fares. This solid financial development is likewise supportingsolid employments development. Very nearly 300,000 employments were made in2015, the most made in a solitary year since 2007. Worldwide development hasdebilitated with development in the United States having directed, proceededwith languid European development and monetary challenges in various productsending out nations.

Be that as it may, development in Australia’s realexchanging accomplices is relied upon to stay higher than worldwidedevelopment, mirroring Australia’s exchange connects to East Asia wheredevelopment remains generally solid. There are likewise open doors forAustralia as our progress towards the administration segments is synchronizedwith developing riches in China and interest for our administrations. (Budget 2016-17, Not dated) 2.    MethodologyThe examination was outlinedutilizing both local experience and also hypothetical information. To meet theobjective of research we connected two kinds of system which are subjective andquantitative strategies.

These methodologies were valuable in discovering databoth at a general level and particular contextual investigation territories. Theaccompanying area gives a clarification of the procedures and approach utilizedall through this investigation. The examination focus on the subjectiveprocedures that look for top to bottom comprehension of the issues of tourismand the endeavors to make it reasonable tourism. In this report someexamination of a marvels may come about the new thought, which will be theprimary analysis.

It ought to be noticed that the exploration centers andutilized the contextual investigation of neighborhood Australia which haveunderstanding of economical tourism improvement. 3.    OBJECTIVESTourism is considered as the world’slargest industry for the development. Sustainable tourism provides economicsupport for the preservation of natural habitat and its flora and fauna. Ithelps in the development of economic status. S0, it is necessary to maintainthe sustainability in the field of tourism. It helps to create employmentopportunity among the people directly or indirectly. With the sustainability intourism, it helps to earn more and more foreign currency.

This also helps inthe increment in the number of visitors. Some of the objectives of sustainabletourism includes the following points:-         Tounderstand the concept: Its main objective is to make people know about theconcept of sustainable tourism.-         Tounderstand the importance of tourism: Tourism is considered the most growingindustry, so it provides great opportunity of employment to unemployment. Also,it helps in the conservation of environment, culture and so on.-         Whatare the roles and responsibilities of tourist?-         Howcan you help in the development of sustainable tourism?-         Raiseawareness 4.    Principles of Sustainable TourismExpanding results demonstrates that aincorporated approach on tourism arranging and oversaw economy will be rightaway which should attain reasonable tourism.

It is best that there is beingdevelopment to fulfill the necessities for accepted urban management, which isthe most important factor for the development of the tourism. Some of the mostimportant principles of sustainable tourism includes the following points:-         Achievingauthenticity: For attraction to tourists, there must be genuinely relevant tohistory, culture, industry, natural resources of the area.-         Culturalrichness:  Sustainable tourism can bedeveloped by representing the aspiration of local cultural values. –         EconomicViability:  To make sustainable tourism,there must be good economic, and also get involve with community andcollaboration of other business to make more facilities for tourists whilevisiting.-         Gainingconservation resources:  It helps forunderstanding and enjoyment of visitors, and it is only possible if there areenough conservation resources.  –         Havinga good content: Tourists can be attracting to place if it has story related tohistorical, cultural and so on.-         Enhancingthe experience: By visiting different place, visitors can learn the differentcultural norms and values of various places, which gives good experience tovisitors.-         Providingmutual benefits to tourists and hosts: It helps to provide the equal benefits to both tourists and host.

–         RespectingNature and Cultural Values (Lorton Consulting, Not Dated)   5.    Advantages and Disadvantages ofTourismTourism not only gives opportunity toenjoy our life, it also provides lot of opportunity to people. Tourism has lotsof advantages. The key benefits of tourism are economic, socio-cultural andenvironmental.

We all know that tourism is considered as one of the fastgrowing industry in the world.  Tourismhas lots of advantages. The advantages of tourism include employmentopportunity, infrastructure development, cultural preservation, environmentalconservation, foreign exchange, development of health services, and economicgrowth of the nation and so on. People get chance to meet new people ofdifferent culture, language of foreign countries which helps to develop foreignrelation among different countries. Along with advantages, there are somedisadvantages of tourism. The disadvantages of tourism include culturaldestruction, environmental destruction, seasonal employment, negativelifestyle, unstable market, huge expenditure, time-consuming and so on. In mostof the places tourism causes destruction of wildlife, causes more pollution aspeople throw garbage here and there.

(Roy, 2014) 6.    Advantages of Sustainable TourismSustainable tourism has manybenefits. Sustainable tourism is beneficial in environmental, social andeconomic factors.  u  Environmental: – Soundand efficient environmental management of tourism facilities and especiallyhotels (water and energy saving measures, waste minimization, and use ofenvironmentally friendly material) can decrease the environmental impact oftourism. It helps in thepreservation and maintenance of beautiful lands. It helps to keeps the tourismarea clean and green. u  Social: – Tourism asforce for peace.It helps to improve the social life of the people.

It also helps in the preservationand transmission of cultural and historical traditions. It stimulates afeeling of pride in local and national heritage and interest in its conservation.Not only culture, we get chance to learn different languages.

People learn torespect every people’s feelings. It also improves the health of the people. u  Economical:- Tourism provides great contributions to government revenues. Foreignexchange earnings come in practice.

It also generates employment and businessopportunities. It provides great opportunity to those people who areunemployment. It also helps in the development of economic status of thenation.  7.

    Great Barrier ReefStretchingover 2000KM of Australia northern coast (from south of Papua New Guinea toBundaberg), Great Barrier Reef is World’s largest coral system created byliving organism. It is so big that it can be seen as thin white line from themoon. The Great Barrier Reef consist around 900 islands with rich biodiversity.It is home to over 1500 species of fish, 400 species of coral any many rare andendangered species. It was inscribed as word heritage area in 1981 and islargest world heritage area ever established.

 Great Barrier Reef is protected by Great Barrier Reef Marin Park as itcovers almost all area of barrier reef. Great Barrier Reef Marine Park is commonwealth government agencyhave an obligation for ensuring the multiple use marine park is used in byfulfilling the principle of sustainability i.e. protection with commercialactivity.Tourismis the major commercial activities in Great Barrier Reef earning over billionper annual. There are many tourism industries in Great Barrier Reef and theyare major contributor for protection of Great Barrier Reef. So, there exist amutual relationship between commercial activities and environmental conversionin Great Barrier Reef, providing good example of sustainable tourism.

Despite,the sustainability in management of reef, the Great Barrier Reef is dying overthe year and many beautiful corals are washed out each year. The major Tourismactivities in Great Barrier reef is nature based such as scuba diving, fishing,excursions in glass bottom boats, snorkeling, semi- submersible vessels andlearning about marine environment so there is high interaction between thehabitants of Reef and tourist. This has brought negative impact on eco systemof barrier reef such as damage to habitants of reef such as sea grass and coralfrom anchor of ships, poor diving practices, fishing, and water disposal, reefwalking and collecting.Aset of best practices are created to manage the tourism activities and touristin Marin Park. Many tourism associations have implemented voluntary codes of conductsto make sure their members operations are sustainable. Some of them are asfollows:·        By creatingsynergies between tourism operations, preservation, research, and heritagemanagement at the Great Barrier Reef.·        ·By increasing education and conservationawareness among the tourism industry and raising their participation in thegovernance of the World Heritage site.··        By obtainingregular, applicable long lasting data about the ‘health’ of the Great BarrierReef, which supports strategic, not reactive, management.

·(Tourism and the Great Barrier Reef, Not dated)Conclusion In conclusion, to make tourism is to be sustainable then itmust move away from traditional growth to sustainable sets of goal andprinciples. Sustainable tourism must see as a goal in tourism area. Itdeveloped the economy of the country by attracting the tourists. Also, we cansay that sustainable tourism is the future of tourism.Recommendation          Reference:Budget 2016-17. (Not dated). Retrieved from Budget overview:http://budget.gov.

au/2016-17/content/glossies/overview/html/overview-01.htmLorton Consulting. (Not Dated). Principles ofSustainable Tourism. Retrieved fromhttp://tourismplanningprofessionals.com/?p=177Roy, S.

(2014, February 14). Important Idia.Retrieved from Essay on Advantages and Disadvantages of Tourism:https://www.

importantindia.com/10450/essay-on-advantages-and-disadvantages-of-tourism/Taylor and Francis Online. (2010, March 29). Journalof Sustainable Tourism.

Retrieved from Sustainable Tourism: An Overview ofthe Concept and its Position in Relation to Conceptualisations of Tourism:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09669580208667183?src=recsys Tourism and the Great Barrier Reef. (Not dated). Retrieved fromhttps://www.ecotourism.org.au/assets/Resources-Hub-Ecotourism-Research/Tourism-and-the-Great-Barrier-Reef.pdf