Artists work from their own experiences, imaginings, feelings and psychological experiences * Jackson Pollock * Picasso * Jeff Koons The personal experiences of the artists consisting of the subjective and psychological happenings create thoughts and imaginings which are all combined to fuel the art-making process. Artists harness their personal and psychological experiences, imaginings and feelings to engender their artwork. Jackson Pollock, Picasso and Jeff Koons are artists that use their experience to form their art. Jackson Pollock led a life of fame and notoriety produced by a life of hardships, hard work and bad habits.
He was an American Abstract Expressionist who defied every rule of harmony and good taste in the 1940’s with his aggressive artworks. Pollock as a teenager was expelled from school causing him to enroll himself in the Art Students League; this suggests Pollock as a troubled child emphasizing the aggressive nature of his works. His first influences were artists Diego Rivers and Jose Clemento Orosco due to their scale which can be reflected on his extremely large artworks such as ‘Blue Poles’ (16ft. x 7ft. ). The Great Depression led Pollock in entered a workshop of Siquiros to make a living.
He was told to experiment, producing an interest with using industrial paints and spray guns. Siquiros introduced Pollock to working directly on canvas and insisted he exploit accidents and spillages in the process; this lasting impression can be seen in most of Pollock’s works. In 1943 he met Peggy Guggenheim who was impressed with the vitality of Pollock’s art organizing an exhibition of his. The great success of the exhibition urged Pollock to experiment further thus he moved away from easel paintings and enlarged the scale of his work.
His studies of surrealism and psycho-analysis from his younger days caused an interest in ‘automatic art’ which was a technique that allowed the hand to move haphazardly and liberally over the canvas. It was thought that using this style allowed the artist to directly express his feelings and imagination; a style that was the beginnings of Pollocks own “unconscious” and innate art style. His marriage with Lee Krasner marked a new period of creativity. In 1957 Pollock abandoned all recognizable elements in his pictures and committed himself to abstraction.
This new style caused him to use anything and everything, using sprinkled sand or broken glass to create a textured effect. He called this style ‘alloverness’ and stated “I want to express my feelings rather than illustrate them”. Critics began to call his art “action painting” characterized by the spontaneity which was also a new movement in Abstract Expressionism. Pollock privately was struggling with alcoholism and his fame and attention he was getting was too much causing him to fall into depression and drink constantly. 950 to 1953 he began a series of works known as Black Paintings which moved away from colour and reintroduced figurative elements. This new style was unsuccessful which in turn made him return to his all over style. He died still in depression and in a car accident under the influence of Alcohol implying that alcohol was a big part of Pollock’s adult life. Pollock’s works such as ‘Cathedral’ was born from unadulterated and passionate subjectivity formed with complex threads of pigment that were aggressively sprayed on canvas showing a plethora of pattern and movement.
The work’s vivacity, strong and aggressive behavior is clear reflection of Pollock’s own life. Pablo Picasso had an innate skill in drawing and grew up with a father already skilled in the art of painting and drawing. At age seven he experienced the death of his sister by diphtheria, traumatizing him. He held a relationship with Marcelle Humbert whom died at age 30 in 1915 deeply affected him. Picasso was also very promiscuous maintaining a number of relationships compounded with his spouse or primary partner.
In 1944 he began a relationship with an art student, forty years younger than him, Francoise Gilot, she could not take Picasso’s abusive and infidel nature leading her to leave him and take the children, a severe emotional blow to Picasso. He continued to be promiscuous and begin relationships with younger girls, by seventy he came to terms with his growing age and his waning attraction to young women, this can be seen in his many paintings, ink drawings and prints held a theme of an old, grotesque dwarf being the lover of a young model. Picasso’s art were completely influenced by his feelings and personal experiences.
They can be categorized as the blue period, rose period, African-influenced period and cubism. The blue period consisted of gloomy and sorrowful images using cool colours such as shades of blue. This period explicitly portrays Picasso’s emotions of grief and unhappiness where drinking and blindness were recurring symbols. The rose period signifies happiness and elation, represented by shades of orange, also known as warm colours. The circus was a recurring symbol with Picasso painting acrobats and harlequins. This period was influenced by Fernande Olivier, a model for sculptors who held a warm relationship with Picasso.
The African-influenced period was inspired by African artifacts where Picasso took ideas from ‘primitive cultures’. Andy Warhol Attempted murder by Valerie Solanas, he just survived through surgeons opening his chest and massaging his heart. The injuries affecting him physically for the rest of his life, the event had a profound effect on his life and art. Television and celebrities were major influences that stimulated his feelings and imagination. His artworks revolve around television culture and Hollywood, “I want to be plastic” he proclaims conveying his superficiality.
His art is pop culture and what is mainstream to interest his audience. Warhol also painted items from his life such as painting cambell soup cans merely because for most of his life he ate them, a basic experience. At one point he painted a car crash/accident, this could be a direct reference to the psychological experience of his dad dying by a car accident when he was thirteen. This painting encompassed a series named ‘death and disaster’ 1962-1963. As a child he had gained a sickness and grew a fear of becoming sick again thus portraying Andy Warhol as an individual who used his experiences and feelings to create his art.