Apricot (prunus armeniaca) belongs to Rosaceae family. In theurdu language it is also known as khubani and in local language it is called aschuli. It is considered as most delightful temperate fruit (Bhat et al 2005). Apricotis one of the most important fruit that is grown worldwide. The total worldwideproduction of apricot is about 38,31,883 tones on an area 5,20,455 ha (FAO2010).
In Pakistan apricots are significantly produced in the Gilgit Baltistanregion. It is one of the most vital, fascinating, delightful andhealthful fruits in the northern regions of Pakistan (Anon1998). Wild trees inthe Himalayas yield about 47.5 kg of fruit per year (Parmer & Kaushal,1982). According to the findings of the government of Pakistan total apricotproduction in Pakistan is 24658 tones in the year 2013 (GOP. 2013).
Apricot isthe rich source of carbohydrates like (fructose, glucose and sucrose), mineralssuch as (phosphorus and iron), vitamins like (C, K, niacin, thiamin, ß carotene),organic acids (malic, citric), phenols and volatile compounds (Ruiz et al;2005; Sefer et al; 2006). Due to its rich composition it is considered to be anutritious fruit. Apricot is most famous and nutritional fruit having a uniqueflavor, fragrance, taste and its health promoting behavior makes it morefrequently used as an ingredient in functional foods (Yigit et al; 2009). Thefruit is antipyretic, antiseptic, emetic and ophthalmic (Parmer & Kaushal,1982). Apricot fruits show a wide range of antimicrobial, anti-proliferationand anti-carcinogenic properties.
These biological activities can be attributedby to their antioxidant properties. Due to its antioxidant property this fruitprotect against cancer and hearat diseases (Yigit et al; 2009). The seed isanalgesic, anti-asthamic, antispasmodic, antitussive, demulscent, emollient,expectorant, pectoral and sedative (Duke & Ayensu, 1985; Yeung, 1985).