His overall performance is an open skill, this means that the skills being performed are very much affected by the unstable and changing environment there’s also very often rapid adjustments of skill needed. Tackling is an example of an open skill which is one of Kane’s strengths. Kane is in the autonomous phase of this motor skill, this means that the performance of this skill is almost automatic and it is performed relatively easy without stress. When containing an attacker you must lower your centre of gravity by bending your knees and leaning forward.
You should back-pedal if the attacker moves sideways and never face a dribbler straight on, because he will put the ball between your legs or he may run by you as you won’t have the time to make a complete 180-degree turn. Instead, approach the ball carrier at a 45-degree angle forcing him towards the sideline. You should be prepared to move laterally with your opponent and to not just lunge at him. If you want to improve your tackling skills, you should work on your physical strength, anticipation, balance and mobility. Another strength of Kane’s is heading.
Heading is a discrete skill, this means you can clearly see a beginning and end. When he headers the ball he uses the upper part of his forehead. This part of the skull will not injure or hurt, because it is comprised of only skin and thick bone. He also makes sure that he keeps his eye on the part of the ball that he wants to head, and his eye on the ball itself as he can see where it will land so that he can attack it rather than letting it his head. The force, which you apply to the ball, should come from bending backward your entire upper body and propelling your head forward which will produce far more power.
Another strength that Kane has is his shooting, although being a defender you don’t always get the chance to shoot especially with your feet given the chance he has a very good shot. Shooting is a gross skill as it uses large muscle movements associated with strength and power. Although there are two variables of shooting – power and accuracy. In order to improve shot accuracy, you must improve eye-foot coordination and strike the ball correctly. A good way to train for accuracy is to set a target on the goal and try to aim for it with each shot.
As for power, you should work out your: lattisimus dorsi, rectus abdominis Biceps femoris and your Quadriceps as it’s not the legs that give most of the power in a shot, but your lower back and abdominals. When shooting a ball the position of your supporting leg, the position of your body and the way you strike the ball will determine your shot. The placement of your supporting foot is just as important as your other, kicking foot. To control the height of your shot or pass, be aware of where your supporting foot is, in relation to the ball.
By placing your supporting foot in line with the ball, you will achieve power while keeping your kick low. By placing it slightly behind, you will produce a rising or lofted ball. Your upper body also plays a role when kicking the ball. When you lean back, the ball will rise and if you lean forward your kick remain low and hard. In order to get the maximum power from a strike, the knee of your kicking leg has to be above or in line with the ball at the exact moment you make contact. The leg action of kicking uses the ankle, knee and hip joint.
The ankle and knee are both hinge joints whilst the hip is a ball and socket joint. The articulating bones of the knee are the femur and tibia and the movement pattern is flexion then extension and the muscle group used are the quadriceps group and the hamstring group. The type of muscular contraction is eccentric followed by concentric. If Kane was to get his shot completely wrong for example leaning back too much he could allow feedback to correct and update the current schema of that particular skill, it may also help it to become more efficient as the bigger your schema is the more efficient it will be.
However to improve your schema it takes a lot of varied practice. One of Kane’s weaknesses is passing with his non-dominant foot. The non dominant foot can be important in a game if there is not enough time to play on your preferred foot then to a large extent passing with the non-dominant foot can be easier to get rid of the ball in a controlled way. Passing with the non dominant foot can be improved by mass practice which is good for discrete and simple skills. Another way to improve this skill is by breaking it down using the whole-part-whole method.
In which the coach will introduce the complete skill highlighting the main elements and the performer then will attempt to carry this out, as a result of any problems or faults observed the coach would then break it down into various sub routines to allow the learner to practice the part that is most difficult to them. As this skill is performed many times it will eventually be retained in his long term memory where it can be retrieved when he is in the same situation again.
The first way to retrieve this is by recognition, this is if in a similar situation as before it will be recognised and then it can be reacted to in the same way. Also be relearning if she has already learned how to accurately pass with the non dominant foot however has forgotten how to do this, to relearn this can be much easier. Another way to get this information is by recall which is when he will have to actively search his memory store for certain previous learned skills. As Kane is doing this skill he would use it a lot within a game he will retrieve a lot of intrinsic and extrinsic feedback this will help to improve the skill.
Using Welford’s information’s processing model we can see that firstly there is the display which is to do with the range of actions and things that are happening in the surrounding environment, secondly there is sensory information this would be exteroceptors these will receive information about what is going on outside the body, such as sound, whether there are people around etc, propriocetors which are nerve receptors in the body, in muscles and joints which will detect information regarding movements of muscles and joints and lastly interoceptors these will pass information about internal organs of the body.
Next the perceptual mechanism which is in the brain which will interpret information from sensory input and selects important information and passes it to the decision making mechanism. the decision mechanism will take into consideration the coded information about what is going on around him and will allow for appropriate action to be taken so for example if the ball was coming towards him and his leg was in the wrong place to be able to pass the ball away, the appropriate motor programme would be able to correct the positioning of the leg.
Also in his short term memory and long term memory will be information about what has happened previous in similar situations which are why his getting a lot of extrinsic and intrinsic feedback will help so this will also play a part in decision making which is key to his role of a centre back. Next will be the effector mechanism this will carry out the information from the decision making by sending impulses via motor nerves to appropriate muscles so in this case it would be sent to the hamstrings group and the gastrocnemius.
The muscular system will then receive the information where intrinsic feed back may occur, the muscles will then respond to it and carry out the action of changing the position of the leg. Another weakness of Kane’s play is his Reaction time. Reaction time is the time between an onset of a stimulus and the response. This is an inherent ability.
During a game situation he is very capable of reacting when there in a single stimulus and a single response but for example when there is a corner and there is more information to selectively attend to, the more choices a person has the more information needs processing the longer it takes to process the information so therefore the slower the reaction time. Hicks law shows us that the more choices you have there is an increase in reaction time so you are slower to react.
One factor that could affect his reaction time is arousal, arousal is best for a performer when they are alert but not over aroused although it is argued that there is different levels of arousal for each sport or even each player in a team for example in rugby the forwards need to be a lot more aroused than the backs. One way of cheating reaction time is through anticipation which is the ability to predict future events from early signals or from pre existing schemas. If Kane was in the autonomous phase his motor programmes would start running before the stimulus is fully recognised.
Although opponents can also anticipate your anticipation. Increasing the number of choices you give your opponent makes it harder for them to react quicker. During Kane’s game you can see that he starts to get very tired and this is clearly his biggest weakness. It is very important to be able to be able to use your muscles for a long period of time without them getting tired as elitist players can run up to 10km a game. A reason for this weakness could be that he is not doing sustainable amounts of cardiovascular exercise to maintain high enough cardiovascular fitness levels.
Another reason for this could be the principle of reversibility this is down to not training as much, as people say “use it or lose it” Due to this Kane can only play to his maximum potential for about 60 minutes so towards the end of the game the skills performed are less agile as the muscles he is using become stiff as not enough oxygen is reaching the working muscles therefore the change between oxygen and carbon dioxide will be affected so not enough carbon dioxide will be removed causing lactic acid build up and causing cramp so that he can not continue.
Kane can improve his cardiovascular fitness by using a Personal Exercise Programme. There are many principles of training that must be considered when doing exercise. As the training is cardiovascular and he will want to specifically train for his sport he will mainly concentrate on running as this will prepare him better. Kane will be using continuous training following the FITT principle. He will start off by having to complete 20 minutes at least 3 times a week in his target zone which is 220-Age and then between 60% and 80% of that. In the first week I would give him a bleep test and a coopers test to find out his aerobic capacity.
You will need to use the different principles of training to progress the 12 week period. By week 6 of the programme he is expected to be able to run 35 minutes at least 3 times a week and by 12 weeks he should be expected to be able to run 45 minutes at least 5 times a week. There are many opportunities available to play football world wide. In England the Governing body is the F. A. Football is the most popular and most played sport. Although only males would used to play now women’s football is very big across the world and in England.
Around my area in Redbridge there are many chances to participate in football, there are local clubs all over the borough and places like Power League. There are many coaching courses and schemes all over England which allow ordinary people to gain more skill and higher qualifications then teach others and help them to progress even more. Football provides many different health and fitness benefits. Firstly it provides Agility, Co-Ordination, Power, Speed and reaction time Also good social and mental benefits , meet new people, stimulate competition , aesthetic appreciation and help to relieve stress.