AnAustralian study conducted by North Sydney Environmental Protection Authority(2015:1) highlight the issue of illegal dumping as an increasing concern inNorth Sydney since 2004. The report states that household waste is the mostcommon material disposed on illegaldumping sites.
Of particular interest was that illegal dumping cannot be confinedto a particular demographic. It concluded that any human being is capable ofdumping waste. According to this study dumping behaviour is not associated withlevel of education or income. This remains a very interesting factor because ofthe questions that could not be explored with eSkotshi village study. If it wasnot for other limitations it would have been worthwhile to compare dumpingbehaviours in urbanised sections of the Ethekwini municipality to rural, formerlyadvantaged areas where the services of waste collection never existed prior todemocracy. Thereare at least two studies conducted within Ethekwini municipality on illegaldumping. The study by (Abel, 2009) focused on perceptions of illegal dumping.Amongst the findings is that people have a general belief that it is the dutyof the government to clean after them Abel, (2009:5) therefore littering is nota problem.
The same study focussed onwaste building rubble stored piled by private owners to extend their slope. The said rubble on steep slopesend up blocking storm water drainage, sewer and contaminates nature. Ngeleka(2010:91) presents some finding and recommendations of a study conducted inClermont KZN, thus highlighting that environmental problems like solid wastemanagement enjoy low priority in the community. According to Ngeleka (2010), observations have shown that there is illegaldumping in Clermont, people are more concerned about meeting their daily basicneeds rather than worrying about the surrounding environment and its immediateproblems.
There are various reasons stated by people for practising illegaldumping. These types of conclusions leaves a lot to be desired in as far asanalysis of driving forces behind illegal dumping are concerned. The results ofthe Nacelle study in relation to objectives of the study under concern isthought provoking in terms of how much effort is put into awareness ofenvironmental care and correct methods of waste disposal by local authorities.
Thedraft Integrated Waste Management Strategy (2016) for Ethekwini municipalityspeak to the issue of illegal dumping. It highlights the causes to be about:Poor waste removal services within a specific area, Lack of convenient disposal sites; Lack of public awareness on the issue(http://www.durban.gov.za).
This proves that the municipality is aware of theillegal dumping problem. Nevertheless, Ethekwini Municipality is the relevantauthority for waste management in the area of study. The municipality has adedicated function called Solid Waste Management. ConclusionIllegaldumping remains a challenge in this municipality. This study will thencontribute to at least mapping of the areas that are affected by illegaldumping within the municipality.
The study will also make a contribution tounderstanding reasons for dumping in the area where there is a waste collectionservice. The waste collection service is rendered once a week. It is not knownwhy residence opt to dump their refuse. The hierarchy of waste management willbe chosen as the theoretical framework.
It will help understand waste disposalmethods employed by the residents. The hierarchy of waste management will alsobe useful in learning about favoured household waste methods over one another.