Americanmodernism has developed as a gamut of correlated factors which contributed tothe heterogeneity of courses in literature and arts. This 20thcentury movement is characterized by a variety of historical and social influencessuch as the World War I, the Great Migration, the Great Depression, alcoholprohibition, and others, which will be examined in the context of impact theseevents made on writers lives and inspiration for creating literaryachievements.In order to tackle thisdemanding question, we decided to provide an initial, brief introduction tomodernism postulates with reference to the above mentioned occurrences and tolink this to the main topics of the most representative modernist prose deeds.

With this in mind, we highlighted some of the differences between modernism andpostmodernism in light of critiques addressed to the modernist excessiveconsumerism and racial segregation which then was a key inspirational input formodernist writers.All of theserepercussions are materialized in migration of intellectuals from America toEuropean metropolitan areas such as e.g. Paris, where they could expand theirhorizons and express their ideas in a more liberate manner. The “LostGeneration” has given some of the most important master-pieces in world ofliterature up to date, and will be described just after previously mentionedinsight into modernism and relevant critiques.In the fourth chapter,stream-of-consciousness, relatively new literary technique that helps thereader to enter the non-linear stream of characters’ thoughts will be elaborated.This approach labeled a renaissance in the modernist novel creation.

In thelatter lines, crucial topics of Fitzgerald’s The Great Gatsby will be reviewed to give us an empirical proof ofthe commonly presented themes in the modernist deeds, such as the AmericanDream.Finally, in the veryend of the diploma paper we will picture a movement that marked birth of theblack awakening and various movements where African Americans had built theirspace in the American society and beyond, movement called the HarlemRenaissance. To that end, Jazz Age as a particularly vital derivative of theHarlem Renaissance had had a massive influence on the cultural contents of boththe whites and the blacks.