Alzheimer’s disease is an illness that pertains to brain malfunction. It was discovered in 1906 by German physician Alois Alzheimer. Alzheimer’s is primarily characterized by apparent brain impairment. Gradually, the brain’s functions are hampered by the inability to reason, plan, and perceive due to the demise of brain cells. Death of nerve cells is due to the excess accumulation of a protein called beta-amyloid, which scientists claim is the catalyst behind Alzheimer’s disease. Alzheimer affects an individual’s behavior and thinking, leading to problems concerning career and other life aspirations.
Alzheimer’s disease is a severe illness, which is relatively fatal. Alzheimer’s disease ranks seventh in the list of causes of death in the world (Alzheimer’s Association. 2008). In a 1906, Alois Alzheimer first introduced the disease upon presenting an old woman by the name of Frau Auguste. The subject developed memory impairments and speech difficulties. The symptoms for her apparent illness grew worse. Eventually, Auguste was bedridden; she died the same year due to infections from pneumonia and instances of bedsores.
This urged Dr. Alzheimer to ask and request from Auguste’s family the permission to conduct an autopsy of Auguste’s corpse. Dr. Alzheimer has yet to ascertain the cause of the old woman’s death until he comes up with an autopsy report. He meticulously analyzed Auguste’s brain. Alzheimer came up with observations that Auguste’s brain shrinked, which cause a handful of brain inconsistencies. Auguste’s cortex was hampered by dead and dying brain cells. Dr. Alzheimer discovered that what caused this is the massive accumulation of fatty deposits and abnormal deposits within the brain cells.
In 1907, Alois Alzheimer’s study was made known in the medical field (Alzheimer’s Association. 2008). Ascertaining Alzheimer’s Disease Alzheimer’s disease has caused several deterrents in a senile person’s daily life. This begins with difficulties of remembering earlier scenarios, which involved the person per se. Usually, the person unintentionally forgets a particular scene or misplaces something. Such instances are early symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease. An individual who manifests an imminent signs of Alzheimer’s disease may need constant and regular reminders in order to perform his daily obligations.
Arguably, individuals who experience the onset of Alzheimer’s disease seem to act and perceive in a normal manner. People simply ignore the obvious. They tend to believe that in order to determine if a person has Alzheimer’s disease, a thorough scrutiny should be made under the microscope alone, which will ascertain the state of these brain cells. Individuals who acquire the disease are more than helpless in treating themselves. Unfortunately for them, as the disease develops, there is a greater need for help for these people.
With this in mind, it is crucial for concerned people to proper understand the symptoms of the disease. This will help them to cope with individuals who acquire the disease. About 15 percent of people have ApoE that increases the threat of Alzheimer’s (Secko. 1999). ApoE is the protein that transports cholesterol into the blood stream (Secko. 1999). Speculations have emerged that genes have also something to do with the imminent threat of Alzheimer’s disease, yet the deliberate cause remains to be seen.
Scientists proposed other factors to be accounted for the emergence of the disease. Among these are: diet, education, and environment in which a person develops his cognitive abilities. Scientists also declared that evidences have shown that the increasing probability for high blood pressure, lack of folate, and high cholesterol is also related to the potential threat of Alzheimer’s disease. The probability of Alzheimer’s disease is decreased by a number of mental and social activities (Secko. 1999).
Diagnosis and Treatment of Alzheimer’s disease A diagnostic examination has yet to be generated in order to ascertain if an individual has acquired Alzheimer’s disease. Assessment of an individual’s detailed health history is always a requisite in conducting initial diagnosis. Apt psychiatric evaluation, laboratory tests, comprehensive neurological tests, and a physical examination are all considered as well for the diagnosis. Alzheimer’s disease can only be deemed curable if ever the individual has the urge to undergo the elimination procedure. Most people are still skeptic about such, considering that physicians are not 100% accurate of their diagnosis.
In order to push through with the diagnosis procedure, the subject should undergo an outpatient type of treatment in order to behave and think in the most usual manner. The patient’s family is aided by an early diagnosis of the Alzheimer’s disease victim. This helps them to fully comprehend what the patient is experiencing, which will help them decide for the patient as well. Although early diagnosis is not completely accurate, this will help the patient and his family to treat the disease as early as possible.
Recently, medical pundits have exclaimed that the only precise way of diagnosing an individual with Alzheimer’s disease is to meticulously analyze the plaques in the brain tissue. But of course, this is irrational to propose such method due to the fact that surgeons have yet to conduct such observation unless the subject is dead. Such observation is only limited by performing an autopsy. With this in mind, the diagnosis of doctors is sometimes deemed a possible speculation more than an apt diagnosis (Alzheimer’s Association. 2008).