After reading chapter 2 of International Relations by Stephen McGlinchey, diplomacy is something that I believe is important in international relations because without it you cannot protect your states, nations, or countries interest nor cold you establish a relationship with other countries where both parties can work together. Although, there have been times where diplomacy has failed and wars have started because there was no negotiation or treaty, diplomacy has been very effective in many ways. Its good to recognize how diplomacy cannot only bring peace and not cause a war but the importance it has.
There have been many examples throughout history where diplomatic negotiations were successful outcomes. One example is The Non-Proliferation Regime also knows as ” The NPT”, which was one of the United States great diplomatic negotiations. The NPT is an international treaty that had the goal of preventing the spread of nuclear technology and nuclear weapons in order to promote a more peaceful use of nuclear energy. Although the NPT did not prevent nuclear proliferation, they did have a big role in making sure that this was being prevented. This did Make it easier to keep close track of those states that had nuclear ambitions. As Stephen M. Walt mentions in his August 2013 Foreign Policies article “Which Works Best: Force or Diplomacy?, “Back in the 1960s, many experts believed there would be forty-plus nuclear weapons states by 2000; the NPT is a big reason why that didn’t happen.”
Another really good example is The Egyptian-Israeli Peace Treaty that helped end wars between Israel and Egypt. Since this treaty was signed there has not been any wars between these two countries. There are many more other examples where diplomatic negotiation with other parties have caused a positive outcome where war is not the answer, showing us exactly why it’s important to engage in diplomatic relations.
In other words, when you choose to stick with diplomacy you’re most likely to get a partial peaceful outcome. In some cases, it could be that war is a preferable approach but only if there’s no possible positive outcome but regardless the chances there is of it being successful or not, diplomacy should always be the first action towards negotiating. As Hassan Rouhani once said, “A constructive approach to diplomacy doesn’t mean relinquishing one’s rights. It means engaging with one’s counterparts, on the basis of equal footing and mutual respect, to address shared concerns and achieve shared objectives.”
Walt, Stephen M. 2013. “Which Works Best: Force or Diplomacy?” Foreign Policy. Foreign Policy. August 21. http://foreignpolicy.com/2013/08/21/which-works-best-force-or-diplomacy/.