After reading Macbeth, many would say that Macbeth is at fault for the tragedies that took place throughout the story. Although Macbeth had murdered King Duncan, Macduff’s family, and Banquo, it can be said that he was not at fault his actions. Lady Macbeth, who urged Macbeth to kill King Duncan, is culpable for these murders because she drove her husband to become a killer.
After exterminating King Duncan, Macbeth, who feared getting caught, killed those who would blow his cover, which kept his evil ambitions viable. Lady Macbeth is responsible for corrupting Macbeth, causing him to become a murderer. Before becoming a murderer, Macbeth was a hero, one praised by King Duncan. In Act 1 Scene 3 King Duncan states “Thou art so far before that swiftest wing of recompense is slow to overtake thee.
Would thou hadst less deserved, that the proportion both thanks and payment might have been mine have been mine! Only I have left to say more is thy due than more than all can pay.” Before Lady Macbeth was introduced, Macbeth and King Duncan seemed to share a special relationship. In Act I, King Duncan sees Macbeth as a loyal soldier and countryman. He hears that Macbeth has effectively killed the treacherous MacDonwald.
The sergeant enters and tells the king about the brave actions of Macbeth. King Duncan, appreciative of his brave deeds, offers Macbeth a reward. Duncan bestows the title Thane of Cawdor on him. Not only was Macbeth Duncan’s right hand man, he was also his “worthiest cousin”.
In Act 1 Scene 7, Macbeth says “he’s here and double trust first as I am his kinsman and his subject, strong both against the deed.” He also states “then, as his host, who should against his murderer shut the door, not bear the knife myself.”(Act 1 Scene 7) Here, Macbeth is saying that he Duncan’s “kinsman” , meaning his trusty servant . As a right hand man, Macbeth should be his protecting his king. As his “host”, Macbeth should be closing the door in the murderer’s face, not trying to murder him himself. There is no reason to kill Duncan, but Macbeth says that his “driving ambition”(act 1 scene 7) may lead him to commit murder. He says that he is kin to Duncan, as well as his subject, which are two reasons to not kill Duncan.
But, it doesn’t take long for for his wife, Lady Macbeth, to convince him otherwise. Lady Macbeth’s evil ambitions and indoctrinate means propelled her husband to kill King Duncan. In Act 1 Scene 7, Lady Macbeth says ” Was the hope drunk? Werein you dressed yourself? Hath it slept since? And wakes it now, to look so green and pale At what it did so freely? From this time Such I account thy love. Art thou afeard To be the same in thine own esteem, Letting “I dare not” wait upon “I would,” Like the poor cat I’ th’ adage”. Lady Macbeth is asking Macbeth if he is trepidacious to kill Duncan, and if he has enough stoutheartedness to verbally express so. At this point we see the evilness behind Lady Macbeth as she manipulates her husband’s mind with her derogatory comments. She says that in order for him to become king, you must kill him first.
Lady Macbeth’s also questions her husbands manliness to drive him to kill. “Come, you spirits that tend on mortal thoughts, unsex me here, and fill me from the crown to the toe top-full of direst cruelty.”(Act 1 Scene 5) This line shows the audience that Lady Macbeth is the real steel behind Macbeth, and that her ambition will be strong enough to drive her husband forward. At the same time, the language of this speech touches the theme of masculinity.