Adventure tourism is an important, growing tourism segment.
Most of the beaches and Islands of Karnataka state is blessed with many uniquecharacteristics such as backwaters, rivers, estuaries, forest or mountains onthe either side. Adventure travelers always seek unique or new traveldestinations and activities. Recent market studies shows that they arewillingto accept limited tourism infrastructure with the promise of an exceptional,authentic experience.This allows for the unexplored destinations of coastalKarnataka to market themselves as truly unique, appealing to those travelerslooking for rare, incomparable experiences. A suitability analysis for variousadventurous activities which can be introduced in the beaches to attract moreadventure tourists. This study is based on the primary observations in the fieldand a further detailed technical suitability has to be carried out. Parameters usedfor analysis are primarily divided into three categories in which ‘Safety’aspects is the most important, followed by Operational feasibility andExperience enhancement parameters.
Various land related adventure activitiespossible in the beaches of Karnataka are as follows:-· WalkingExpedition· Gliding· HorseRiding/Equestrian· Motorized Sports· Paragliding· BirdWatching· HotAir Ballooning· Rockclimbing· Microlighting· Zorbing· BeachSports· Archery· Blokarting· Trekking/Hiking· Cycling· Mountainbiking· Orienteering· Safari· Landboarding HANG GLIDING Hang Gliding can be also called anair sport in which the pilot or the participant takes a ride on a light and non-automaticfoot-launch aircraft which is called a ‘hang glider’. Most of these hanggliding aircrafts are made out of aluminum alloy or composite frame which iscovered by a synthetic cloth totally. The pilot or the participant is strappedwith this air frame at the bottom and he or she has tocontrol the movement of the air craft by moving his or her body in theopposition to control the frame while in the air. Safety is an important aspectwith regard to this activity, presence of mountains/cliffs near the beachesmake it suitable for Hang gliding. HORSE RIDING/EQUESTRIAN There are many health benefitsof riding on a sandy beach for horse and rider.
Long sandy stretches are goodfor building up fitness levels and often the sand can encourage muscle tone andstrength. It can provide outstanding views of the sea and is a refreshing wayto explore the areas of beauty throughout the coasts of Karnataka. Sand willvary in texture and depth. It may be harder closer to the water and softerfurther away, but that is not always the case.
Sandbanks can go from hard tosoft in less than a stride, especially on estuaries. On many beaches, sand canchange, so even if you have ridden a beach before, do not rely on soft and hardareas remaining the same. Beaches with a minimum foreshore width of 10m andminimum stretch of 1km shoreline are suitable for horse riding.
MOTORIZED SPORTS An all-terrain vehicle (ATV), also known as a quad, quad bike, three-wheeler, four-wheeler, or quadricycleis a vehicle that travels on low-pressure tires, with aseat that is straddled by the operator, along with handlebars for steeringcontrol (As per American National Standards Institute definition). As the name implies, it is designed to handle a wider variety ofterrain than most other vehicles. Quad bike riding is the most common motorizedsports in the beaches and it is very popular across the world.
Beaches with a minimum foreshore width of10m and minimum stretch of 1km shoreline are necessary requirement for thisactivity in order to provide dedicated tracks. Quad bikeriding can be dangerous so one should not race or ride at speeds considereddangerous to myself or others, and should not vary, deter or change course. PARAGLIDING Paragliding is the recreational and competitive adventure activity which requires expert training. It involves flying paragliders which is lightweight,free-flying and foot-launched glider aircraft with no rigid primary structure. The pilot sits in a harness suspendedbelow a fabric wing comprising a large number of interconnected baffled cells. Presence of mountains/cliffs nearthe beaches make it suitable for Paragliding.Wing shape is maintained by the suspension lines,the pressure of air entering vents in the front of the wing, and theaerodynamic forces of the air flowing over the outside. BIRDWATCHINGBirdwatching or birding is a form of wildlife observation in which theobservation ofbirds as a recreational activity.
It can bedone with the naked eye, through a visual enhancement device like binoculars andtelescopes, or by listening for bird sounds.Photography has always been apart of birding, but in the past the cost of cameras with super-telephoto lenses made this a minority, oftensemi-professional, interest. The advent of affordable digital cameras, which can be used inconjunction with a spotting scope or binoculars have made this a much morewidespread aspect of the hobby. Beaches with adjoining estuaries or backwaterswith the presence of migratory birds have the potential for birding. HOT AIR BALLOONINGHot air ballooning is the activity of flying inhot air balloons. Attractive aspects of ballooning include the exceptional quiet (except when the propaneburners are firing), the lack of a feeling of movement, and the bird’s-eyeview.
Since the balloon moves with the direction of the winds, the passengersfeel absolutely no wind, except for brief periods during the flight when theballoon climbs or descends into air currents of different direction or speed.The dangers of the sport include excessive (vertical orhorizontal) speed during landing, mid-air collisions that may collapse theballoon, and colliding with high voltage power lines. Land availability nearthe beaches for providing necessary infrastructure facilities for ballooning isvery important parameter which decides it’s suitability. ROCK CLIMBING Rock climbing isan activity in which participants climb up,down or across natural rock formationsor artificial rock walls. Thegoal is to reach the summit of a formation or the endpoint of a usuallypre-defined route without falling.
Due to the length and extended endurancerequired and because accidents are more likely to happen on descent thanascent.Scrambling, anotheractivity involving the scaling of hills and similar formations, is similar torock climbing. However, rock climbing is generally differentiated by itssustained use of hands to support the climber’s weight as well as to providebalance.Rock climbing is a physically and mentally demanding activity, one thatoften tests a climber’s strength, endurance, agility and balance along withmental control. It can be a dangerous activity and knowledge of proper climbing techniques and usage of specialized climbing equipment is crucial for the safecompletion of routes. ZORBINGZorbing (globe-riding, sphering, orbing) is the recreation or sport ofrolling downhill inside an orb, generally made of transparent plastic. Zorbingis generally performed on a gentle slope, but can also be done on a levelsurface, permitting more rider control. In the absence of hills some operatorshave constructed inflatable, wooden, or metal ramps.
Due to the buoyant natureof the orbs, Zorbing can also be carried out on water, provided the orb isinflated properly and sealed once the rider is inside. “Waterwalking” using such orbs has become popular in theme parks across theworld.Although the cushioning design of the orbs prevent manyserious injuries, light injuries such as bruises and grazes can often besustained by colliding with objects or tripping whilst the orb is rolling downan incline. BLOKARTING Blokarting is an emerging, exciting and fast landbased beach activity which can be defined as sailing on land. It is ideally suited in the beaches with a minimumforeshore width of 10m and minimum stretch of 1km shoreline.A Blokart is a type of compact land yachtmanufactured by New Zealand-based Company – Blokart International Ltd.
Due to their smallsize and maneuverability, Blokarts can be sailed in small urban areas.They can be quickly disassembled and packed into a carry-bag giving them a highdegree of portability. The basic blokart including wheels, mast and sail weighsonly 29 kg and can be dismantled in a few minutes without tools, and allparts packed into a carry-case. The high degree of portability allows theblokart to be transported by car, or carried as luggage on a plane. Unlike manyother landyachts the blokart is steered using the hands through a centrallymounted bar directly coupled to the front wheel. ORIENTEERINGOrienteering is a family of sports that requires navigational skills using a map and compass to navigate from point to point in diverse and usuallyunfamiliar terrain, and normally moving at speed. Participants are given atopographical map, usually a specially preparedorienteering map, which they use to find control points. Originally a trainingexercise in land navigation for military officers, orienteering has developed many variations.
Among these,the oldest and the most popular is foot orienteering. This activity can be promoted in the identified Islands and otherbeaches which are surrounded by forests. KITE LANDBOARDINGKite landboarding involves the useof a mountain board or landboard, which is essentially an oversized skateboardwith large pneumatic wheels and foot-straps. Due to the power that the kitescan generate, riders can hit high speeds and propel themselves several feet inthe air. As this is a land-based sport, there have been several concerns aboutthe possibility of injury to the rider or to others. As a result, severalsafety equipment items are used by riders in this activity.
Helmets are essential, especially for the more advanced moves, wherea rider may find himself rotating and flipping. Possible water related adventureactivities that can be promoted are as follows:- BODYBOARDINGBodyboarding is a water sport in which the surfer rides a bodyboard on the crest, face, and curl of a wavewhich is carrying the surfer towards the shore. Bodyboarding is also referredto as Boogieboarding due to the invention of the”Boogie Board” by Tom Morey. The average bodyboarding consists of a short, rectangularpiece of hydrodynamic foam.
Bodyboarders typically use swim fins for additional propulsion and control while riding a breakingwave. Bodyboarding is easy to learn to get a feelfor the wonder of an ocean wave. It is just one of our many adventure sportshere at the Surf Ashram. Sometimes called boogie boarding, the beginner canlearn bodyboarding with our bodyboards and immediately take part in our dailywatersports activities. SNORKELINGSnorkeling the practice of swimming on or through a body of water while equipped with a diving mask, a shaped tube called a snorkel, and usually fins. Incooler waters, a wetsuit may also be worn.
Use of this equipment allows thesnorkeler to observe underwater attractions for extended periods withrelatively little effort and to breathe while face-down at the surface.Snorkeling is a popular recreational activity, particularly at tropical resort locations. The primary appeal is the opportunity toobserveunderwater life in a natural setting without the complicated equipmentand training required for scuba diving. It appeals to all ages because of howlittle effort there is, and without the exhaled bubbles of scuba-divingequipment. It is the basis of the two surface disciplines of the underwater sport of fin swimming. WAKEBOARDING Wakeboarding is a surface water sport which involves riding a wakeboard over the surface of a body of water. It wasdeveloped from a combination of water skiing, snowboarding, and surfing techniques.
The rider is usually towed behind a motorboat,typically at speeds of 30–40 km/h (18-25 mph), depending on the boardsize, rider’s weight, type of tricks, and rider’s comfort. This speed couldalso depend on the year, make, and model of the boat because some boats, whichare not designed for wakeboarding, create a different size wake which the ridermay not feel comfortable with. But a wakeboarder can also be towed by othermeans, including closed-course cable systems,12 winches, and personal water craft. ROCK HOPPINGRockHopping is an activity involving jumpingoff rocks.
Some variations of this activity may involve jumping off a cliffinto a body of water such as a river or lake (also known as ”quarry jumping”,since abandoned, water-filled quarry holes are popular for this activity,featuring steep, tall cliff faces and deep water). Rock hopping can beused as a means of getting from one place to another in combination with scrambling over rocks for the purpose of outdoor activity such as rock climbing. It has also become an extreme sport whereby participants jump over large gaps, sometimes withoutany form of safety device such as a securing rope to ensure they do not falland injure themselves or worse.1 It can also refer to traveling up a boulder-filled stream orbrook by jumping from rock to rock, while avoiding falling in. COASTEERINGCoasteering is a physical activity that encompasses movement along the intertidal zone of a rocky coastline on foot or by swimming, without the aidof boats, surf boards or other craft. It is difficult to define the preciseboundaries between, for example, rock pooling and ocean swimming.
Coasteeringmay include all or some of the following: Swimming or Adventure Swimming, Climbing,scrambling, canyoning, jumping and diving.A defining factor of coasteering is the opportunity providedby the marine geology for moving in the “impact zone” where water, waves,rocks, gullies, caves etc., and come together to provide a very high energyenvironment JET SKIINGJet Ski is the brand name of a personal watercraft manufactured by Kawasaki.1 It was the “first commercially successful” personalwatercraft in America, having been released in 1972 (after reaching a licenseagreement with the inventor of the Jet Ski, Clayton Jacobson II when his license agreement with Bombardier expired).1 The term is sometimes used generically to refer to any type of personal watercraft.
PARASAILINGParasailing, also known as parascending or parakiting, is a recreational kiting activity where a person is towed behind a vehicle (usually aboat) while attached to a specially designed canopy wing that reminds one of a parachute, known as a parasailwing. The manned kite’s moving anchor may be a car,truck, or boat. The harness attaches the pilot to the parasail, which isconnected to the boat, or land vehicle, by the tow rope. The vehicle thendrives off, carrying the parascender (or wing) and person into the air. If theboat is powerful enough, two or three people can parasail behind it at the sametime. The parascender has little or no control over the parachute. The activityis primarily a fun ride, not to be confused with the sport of paragliding. SCUBADIVINGScuba diving is a mode of underwater diving in which a scuba diver uses a self-contained underwater breathing apparatus(scuba) to breathe underwater.
1Unlike other modes of diving, which rely either on breath-hold or on breathing gas pumped from the surface, scuba divers carry their own source of breathing gas, usually compressed air,2 allowing them greater freedom of movement than withanair line or diver’s umbilical and longer underwater endurance than breath-hold.Scuba equipment may be open circuit, in which exhaled gas is expelled to thesurroundings, or a closed or semi-closed circuit rebreather, inwhich the breathing gas isscrubbed to remove carbon dioxide, andthe oxygen used is replenished from a supply of feed gasbefore being re-breathed. SURFINGSurfing is a surface water sport in which the wave rider, referred to as a surfer, rides onthe forward or deep face of a moving wave, which is usually carrying the surfer towards the shore. Waves suitable for surfing are primarily found in the ocean, but can also be found inlakes or in rivers in the form of a standing wave or tidal bore.
However, surfers can also utilize artificial waves such asthose from boat wakes and the waves created in artificial wave pools. Shivas is a popular Hindu holy place situated on a small peninsulajetting out into the Arabian Sea at Murdeshwara. As with all of South India theplace is intensely tropical with thousands of coconut, mango and banana treesgrowing along the beach.
On the peninsula is a huge statue of Shiva. Everythingthat happens at Murdeshwara happens under the watchful eye of Shiva, the masterof meditation. On either side of the peninsula there are large sheltered baysthat make for ideal surfing conditions even during onshore NW or SW winds. Thisplace breaks from one foot to 10 feet depending on the time of year.Murdeshwaraha’s great hotels and several vegetarian restaurants, one of whichis built on pilings raising out of the ocean.
This also makes for a great placefrom which to do some surf photography on big days.Kapu BeachLighthouseis a great spot that breaks best at low tide with a four feet and bigger swell.The stretch of beach runs for about one kilometer and there are several placeswhere nice shaped peaks with lefts and rights swell up. “Atthe north end of the beach is the Kapu lighthouse perched on a huge graniteboulder. On the south side of the rocks is a right-hander that is a short butfast ride. Watch out for the rocks under water! Ten Thousand Peaks has got to be one of the mostunique surf spots on the west coast of South India at Maravanthe.Wecall this place “Ten Thousand Peaks” -once you have seen it you willknow why.
The beach stretches for about six kilometers creating all sorts ofwave possibilities. There is one section of the beach where a two lane highwayruns parallel to the ocean within 15 meters of the water’s edge and on theopposite side of the highway is a big fresh water lake. Inthe lake are several islands with villages on them and there is an ancient2,000 year old temple of the Sri Narasimha avatara, the incarnation whodestroys evil and protects children.
Surf until your arms are ready to drop offand you can’t stand up anymore, then wash off in a fresh water lake and visitan ancient temple – all in one stop. What a fantastic place!Cliffsis a couple hours drive north from our homebreak to Bhatkal. Wow, this place isparadise! Four consecutive coves, white sand beached, isolated area, cliffs, nosharks, no people, and lots of opportunities — rights, lefts,inside, outsideand its all yours. All you have to do is get there! No maps to guide you socall us first. .REFERENCES· British KiteSurfing Association· AdventureTourism Market Study-2013, The George Washigton University· AdventureTourism, Paul McCarthy Teagasc Rural Development Centre Athenry, Co.
Galway.· AdventureTravel, Ireland Tourism Development Authority