Accordingto Newman (2015) the infant brain develops within a relationships context inwhich “structural and functional networks are shaped by the nature and qualityof early caregiver-infant interactions.” Brain development being dependant onexperiences has continuously been demonstrated in studies on groups ofchildren. Throughout those studios, children have been visible to early uncharacteristiccaregiving environments. Early disruptions to the caregiver-child relationshipshave resulted in modifications of specific brain regions implicated inemotional regulation. A child’s principal needs in their first year it to form strong and stableattachments securely. That attachment needs to be a loving and emotionalrelationship with at least one caregiver that child is reliant upon.
If thisattachment isn’t formed, the child’s brain development will be affected,(Parents Centre, 2018). One particular element that could be damaged is achild’s capacity for compassion towards others. Children who often displayattachment problems whether it is due to neglect, abuse or trauma are oftendiagnosed with · Oppositional defiantdisorder (ODD)· Conduct disorder(CD)Post-traumatic stress disorder (PSTD)Cherry,K (2017) states that clinicians have suggested that child who were adopted afterthe age of 6 months have a larger risk of attachment issues.
Research has shownthat early attachments have a serious impact on later relationships in aperson’s life. Children who have encountered a secure attachment to a specificor multiple caregivers during their childhood have demonstrated goodself-esteem when they become adults, and have healthier longer-lastingrelationships, (Cherry, K, 2017). Children who form stronger attachments tend to be· More resilient · More independent · Perform better in school· Have more successfulrelationships· Experience lessdepression and anxiety