AbstractProject management is defined as the knowledge, skills, tools and techniques for a team to achieve specific goals and meet the project requirements on the specific time. There are a lot of challenges of project management to achieve all the goals. The primary constraint is scope, time quality and budget. While the second challenges is to make sure that the project is meet the pre-defined objectives. A web project must be done by a team not individual.
Hence, the problems between the team members would be occur such as communication problem. In order to avoid the problems, project manager is act an important role to manage the team and make sure that the project can be done within time, budget and meet requirements of organization. Other than that, team building also can help in improving the relationship between the team members. An interview was conducted to PanoRazzi SDN BHD in order to gain the knowledge of method to manage a project. This paper is discussed in details about the project management of this company. Literature reviewsExperience is an important thing for project managers. This is because experience can gives confidence to project manager when they are facing some problem and issues that pertain to project management. According to the journal “Development paths of project managers: What and how do project managers learn from their experiences” done by Chantal M.
J.H. Savelsbergh, the experience gained by project manager is classified into two types which are formal and informal learning experiences. Formal learning takes place within an officially organized learning program occasions such as undergraduate and postgraduate education with a particular project management component. While informal learning may involves study from personal experiences such as mentoring and learning from complex problem during the internship. In this research, semi-structured interviews and short survey were conducted among 31 project managers.
Most of experience is studied from informal on-the-job learning. Though this survey, it shown that the project managers are tend to learn about different skills from their first learning experiences compare to learn from later learning experiences. Both hard and soft skills are learned by project managers from their experiences. Experience is act as an important role for projects managers in developing a successful project.To achieve the success of the project, project manager act an important role to define the limitations of the projects such as time, budget and resources and they are required to predict the situations that may occur. According to the conference that done by Kirsi Liikamaa which title is “Developing a project manager’s competencies: A collective view of the most important competencies”, competency is defined as a capability or potential which including a set of trade behaviours prepared around an underlying assemble.
Competency modelling is used to look for job-related information and employee capabilities in the control of employees. The competencies are divided into two main groups which are personal competencies and social competencies. For personal competencies which included self-awareness, self-regulation, cognitive skills and motivation. While for social competencies are included empathy and social skills. In this research, self-evaluation is performed by 750 people. They are project managers in difference organizations and also university students whose studied completely in their project. Leadership competency was evaluated as the highest because it is an important capability for project manager to lead the group members as well as to motivate and act fair toward them.
The lowest competency was evaluated as production efficiency with statements concentrated on the distribution of obligations, the effective usage of sources and the organization of tasks. Analytical thinking was chosen by respondents as the willingness to improve the most. By having the analytical thinking, respondents can carry out a lot of solutions to solve the problematic situations. Besides that, achievement drive is evaluated as the most important desirable competencies for a project manager. Hence, there is important for the organization to encourage their project managers in improving their competencies in order to manage and achieve the successful of project.Project Manager – roles, importantskillsetProjectmanager is responsible to manages and lead the project team and make sure thatthe project can meet on requirements of the client. A good project manager canreduce the risk management and give chances to every significant participant toexpress their opinions about the project. Besides that, project manager shouldbe responsible for making decisions whenever it is large or small.
They have toensure that all of the decisions can directly give the benefit to the project.Moreover, project manager should organize the tasks and workforce in developingthe project by using the project management software such as Microsoft Project.Combination of skills is required for a projectmanager which including leadership, communication, planning skills, teammanagement, negotiation skills and risk management. However, the projectmanager from PanoRazzi mentioned that motivate a project team and understandthe coding is the most important skills as a project manager. When theprogrammer facing the problems or feeling stress to exposed the coding, projectmanager should be encourage and motivate them don’t be easy to give up.
Projectmanager should be set a realistic goal to carry out a project and must conducta weekly or monthly review sessions to discuss the progress of detail and makesure that follow the deadline and stay motivated to do their part. With codingknowledge, project manager can communicate directly and explain in detailsabout the progress of project to the clients.