AbstractThe researchproposal sheds light on the efficiency of Mentalization in the therapy of attentiondeficit disorder. Mentalization is defined as the mental operation throughwhich one can implicitly and explicitly understand themselves and one another regardingthe mental processes and subjective states. It is a deep social structure in thatwe care about the mental states of those who live with us, physically orpsychologically. In view of this general definition, the majority of attentiondeficit disorders will definitely include difficulties in mentalizing, which isthe application of the concept of deficit disorders therapy, a commonpsychological state with significant effects on public health, which hadattracted the most attention. Individuals who suffer from attention deficit disorderexhibit decreased abilities of mentalization, that may results in problems withemotional regulation and difficulties in impulse management, particularly inthe interpersonal interactions. The treatment based on mentalization is deemedto be a time-specific treatment that initiates interventions promoting the furtherdevelopment of mentalizing.
IntroductionMentalizationis not a fixed, united ability, but multi?faceted dynamic capacity which isparticularly important in the attachment relationships. Temporary mentalizinglapses are an integralpart of the ordinary functioning, but the capacity of persisting in mentalizingunder stressful conditions, and the relatively rapid recovery of mentalizinglapses, are the distinctive features of strong mentaliazation. A strong mentalization, in turn, is firmlylinked to safe attachment (Fonagy et al. , 2002). Safe attachment sets thefoundation for mature mentalizing later in life. Furthermore, the ability to persist in mentalizing is even linkedunder tremendous pressure with the so-called ” broaden and build” (Fredrickson,2001, pp. 218–226) cycles of attachment security. These cycles enhance feelingsof safe attachment, personal agency, and influence regulation (build), and leadto the development of more adaptive settings (broaden; Mikulincer & Shaver, 2007).
Jeremy Holmes, a British psychiatrist and psychoanalytictherapist, has summarized the mentalizingphenomena: (A) includes the ability to sympathize,that is, to have the ability to be in others’ situations, (B) involves thecapacity of seeing and appreciate oneself and one’s feelings externally, (C) indicatesthe ability to distinguish between feelings toward reality from the realityitself, (D) is agraded rather than allornothing phenomenon, (E) associated with arousal, and(F) is reinforced by having a safe soothing or intimate partner. There are four distinguishedroots for mentalizing: cognitive psychology, psychoanalytic Object Relationstheory (particularly the work of Bion), francophone Psychoanalysis, and theattachment theory in the developmental psychopathology. The attention deficit disorder treatment has been examined in the experimentsof the research, and it has been found that it is effective when conducted bymental health professionals due to limited additional training and reasonable levelsof supervision. This underpins the general benefit of mentalization basedtreatment in treating attention deficit disorderwithin general mental health services. Study purpose Thisstudy aims mainly at testing the effectiveness of Mentalization therapy in treating the attention deficit disorder. Mentalizationbased treatment — considering mentalizing as the central focus of treatment—was developed initially to treat attention deficit disorder in routine clinicalservices conducted in collective and individual modalities.