Abstract – Aspopulation is increasing day by day, urban residential areas have alsoincreased because of this reasons water has become a critical problem whichaffects the problem of water distribution, water conservation, waterconsumption and also interrupted water supply. People are found complainingthat they don’t have sufficient amount for their daily needs, so to overcomewater supply related problems and make system efficient there is need of propermonitoring and controlling system.
In this paper, we present design for watermonitoring and control approach based on IOT which focuses on continuous and real time monitoring of water supply thatenables proper and uniform distribution so that we can have a record ofavailable amount of water in tanks, flow rate abnormality in distribution line.This paper proposes the conceptual design of closed loop automated waterdistribution system for residential buildings. Here electronic flow ratesensors are fixed in the inlet of every user, when the system is turned on theamount of water utilized by each user is monitored and controlled by usingmicro controller by counting the pulses from all channels continuously. Themaximum amount of water to be consumed by individual user is fixed based on theavailability of water reserves in the tank. The valve can turn on/off by the central control and processing unit tostop the water supply whenever the flow rate exceeds a predefined threshold. Thus,a closed-loop control system can be implemented. This system is interfaced withthe computer to store consumption of individual users in real time and also tomanage the system through the computer will be much easier for admin. Key Words: IOT, Water distributionsystem, Electronic flow meter, closed loop water system, Arduino UNO, Wi-Fi,Water level sensor, Solenoid valve I.
INTRODUCTIONWater is one of the most important resource for all the livings onthe earth. In that, some people do not obtain sufficient amount of waterbecause of unequal distribution. So, it should be supplied properly as well as carefullyand at right time to fulfill the daily activities. The primary objective is todesign and develop a low cost, reliable, profitable and efficient technique tomake appropriate water distribution by continuous monitoring and alsocontrolling it from central server so as to solve water related complications.This paper gives an idea to help us to provide water in a proper sequential order.
In order to implement water distribution system in a appropriate channelizedmanner to the end users, the control room of each user should be provided witha micro controller to regulate and control the required quantity of water inproper time interval. The electrically actuated solenoid valve will be shutdown automatically when the limit reaches the determined threshold value. Withthe help of the internal predefined limit in the system, the flow of waterthrough the valve is controlled. The Wi-Fi module is used for wirelesscommunication so that message can be sent to the admin in the central controlroom. Fig. 1.
Design of proposed system