Immigrants at Central Station

? Very emotional => portrayed by imagery, ???Families stood/keeping children by their sides???. Demonstrates fear that surrounds migrants.
? Poem symbolizes very emotional climatic point in the migration experience
? Depicts family as human strength- with that comfort, love and support, people can get thru anything.
? Alliteration ??? With dampness that slowly/sank slowly into our thoughts???
? Personification ??? The air was crowded???- ( demonstrates that the atmosphere was full of fear and anticipation ) and ??? But we ate it all, the silence, the cold, the benevolence???- ( Suggests a tense atmosphere)
? Similes ???Like cattle brought for slaughter???, ???Like a word of command???, ???Like a guillotine/cutting us off form the space of eyesight??? ??“ used to illustrate the intensity and uncertainty of the poem.
? War is central theme which is depicted in language techniques- such as ???like cattle brought for slaughter??? (simile), gives strong connection to the genocide the Nazis inflicted on the Jews by way, of the Holocaust, indication of the common emotion shared by the migrants- fear.
? These migrants have been forced to leave behind their world, their old lives. This creates uncertain Element about the Future.
? They feel detached from life; as if they have lost their identity- ???Watch pigeons/that watched them???.
? Likewise, ???Like a word of command??? strongly relates to the traumatizing concentration camps set up by the Nazis.
? Tone is made depressive as it conveys feelings of entrapment, anxiety and fear, tone portrayed by dark, lonely words such as silence, cold and dampness.
? Time is represented by the train ???along the glistening track???- indicated that life and time go on, as so too must we.
? The migrants show reluctance to move ahead with their lives because the fear they lived through is still fresh and will forever haunt them.
? Poem explored sadness and disappointment of many migrants when they arrived in their new country. Hopes of many migrants were initially crushed by their initial treatment.
? After their physical journey from their homeland many would have felt great disappointment by the way they were treated by authority and their new community.
? The loneliness felt is emphasised by ???watching pigeons that watched them???
? This loneliness becomes deep isolation as ??? the signal at the platforms end turned red and dropped like a guillotine cutting us off from the space of eyesight??™
? Trains whistle becomes symbol of abandonment. The idea of a whistle directing the way to the future could have such a negative connotation for many of the refugees.
? ???time waited anxiously with us/behind up turned collars/ and space hemmed us/ against each other/ like cattle brought for slaughter??? It is saddening that so many tried to escape only became their unfortunate treatment in their new homeland.
? Hope seems lost at the end ???while time ran ahead/ along glistening tracks of steel??™. It is this disheartening feeling for the new arrivals that makes their journey a sad disappointment.
? About memory the composer has of the train station when he arrived in Australia in 1951. Title implies journey as trains are primarily modes of transport. Stations are the beginnings and end of journeys.

Crossing the Red Sea

? ???Crossing the Red Sea??? depicts a dramatic change of direction in Skrzyneckis life.
? Poem focuses on concept of new beginnings.
? The physical journey here is the movement between lives; with the knowledge that while they journey from a war zone, hope still remains.
? Title alludes to the biblical story of the Israelites escape from Egypt, resulting in freedom from slavery and liberation, thus centring around the concept of hope (a predominant theme)
? Physical journey portrayed is journey between two countries, reflected in the quote ??? to watch a sunset/ they would never see again???
? Represents life as a long journey sectioned into smaller journeys that help to teach the traveller to make the right choices.
? ???Memories strayed/ from behind sunken eyes??? ??“ represents the way life moves into the unknown future, the memories of the past life as long as the person.
? Migrants learn as they embark on this uncertain journey, to mingle with others, and build up new friendships by with ??? Patches and Shred/ of dialogue???
? Talking about life that was, and remembering the times filled with laughter is a motivation to keep going for them.
? Describes impact of the journey, it is not glorifies, but an honest depiction of life on a ship of migrants, seeking new homes and life.
? ???many slept on deck/ because of the days heat/ or to watch a sunset/ they would never see again??™
? ???Neither masters nor slaves/ as we crossed a sea??™ there is a sense of liberation in their moving.
? Final stanza seeks to explain that even through the darkness eventually the daylight will shed upon a new experience and new outlook ??? beyond whose waters/ the equator/ was still to be crossed??™. At least there is a sense of optimism at the end of the journey.

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Crossing the Red sea evokes the idea that journeys are often of great significance to those embarking on them. The imagery of ???Shackles???, ???Sunken eyes??? ???Secret??? and ???exiles??? is showing people who are leaving their homeland in disgrace, as if they are running away. The immigrants though are escaping the war of Europe and going to the promised land of Australia, ???Crossing the Red Sea??? therefore has religious significance ( Australia being the promised land)

???Journey to the Interior??? By Margaret Adwood

? Relates to physical journey as Adwood uses the metaphor of a physical journey to examine the process of self discovery.
? Purpose is to convey the idea that journeys are rarely easy going and require dedication and focus from the traveller.
? The words ???similarities??? (line 1) and ???differences??? (line 20) shows contrast and allows the reader to make connections between the physical journey denotated and the inner journey connotated.
? The journey is ???not easy going??? and there is nothing that can be used for direction; therefore the person must look within themselves to find their path through life.
? In order for us to find our way thru life we must look within ourselfves.
? Through the physical journey we are also being taken on an imaginative journey thru the use of her intricate and descriptive imagery.
? This allows us to question how we would go about facing difficult physical journeys in our life.
? The distractions and dangers that we encounter on a physical journey are discussed throughout this poem.
? When we are lost on a physical journey we may ask the question ??? have I been walking in circles again, implies distractions are common and we often need the reestablishment of focus???


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