3.4.The Indian Perspectives over KashmirKashmir, where the struggle of power up tothreat of nuclear weapons within the tension created by the competitiveenvironment of two rival countries challenging to get their side of theargument adopted in the region, has become a symbol of the ongoingconfrontation between India and Pakistan. India’s presence in Kashmir ispredicated on the fact that it regards it as an essential component so as tomanage to maintain its secular and democratic structure. India does not want tolose control over the region where 20% Hindu live, nor does it intend to allow itscounterpart to gain an advantageous position by exerting any Pakistani dominance.Simply, India considers Kashmir as an integral element to its integrity and regardsthe issue resolved through this way while accusing Pakistan of supportingseparatists in the region at issue.
Accordingly, it is compelling for Indianargument to get acknowledged by the United States that the separatists inKashmir are involved in terrorist activity and also to present Pakistan as astate that fosters and nurtures terrorism in the international system in orderto tojustify the India’s actions there.1In parallel with such an attempt, Indiaaims to have the terrorist events in Kashmir perceived in its unfavor in theinternational arena. Furhermore, by putting military power at the forefront, itrejects any international mediation offer related to Kashmir to prevent the theissue from gaining an international character in talks with Pakistan.Interfering with any international intervention, it manipulates Kashmir disputeto exert pressure on Pakistan through the exposure of the issue as a matter ofits own national security while this uncompromising attitude reduces Pakistan’smaneuvering area and leaves it desperate in the face of Indian demands. As Indiahasnot managed to fully legitimize its sovereignty over Kashmir, the civil warin the region is still ongoing.2Similarly, the hard measures taken by India as well as alleged support to sepearatistgroups by Pakistan make the case even more difficult to resolve. The proposalby the UN to make public referendums in the region is constantly rejected byIndia inasmuch as India is a country with a large number of ethnic groups and thereshould absolutely be no concession to the demands for independence in order toprotect the integrity of the country.
India denies the two-nations theory putforward by Pakistan and asserts that Kashmir is an integral part of Indiadespite the Muslim majority. Likewise, the unofficial views and allegations ofIndia argue Pakistan has been fueling hatred and black propaganda against Indiaon radio and television programs. While India displays an authoritarian regimein order to exercise authority in Kashmir, the people of Kashmir offer resistanceto gain freedom. Sovereignty over Kashmir is of paramount importance for Indiato demonstrate to the world that India is a powerful state, which is capable offighting against violence, and has succeeded in it. The control of Kashmir, onthe other hand, is like a symbol of indivisible territorial integrity and beinga nation state for India.3However, this control of the region is accompanied by a definition thatKashmir’s claims are a threat to India’s integrity. In this direction, theenemy that India presents to the world public is the Muslims in Kashmir.
Behindall of these initiatives lies the Indian effort to draw attention to the factsthat India is a victim of the terrorism in Kashmir, which originates fromPakistan and that both countries share the same destiny as terrorism hasvictimized the US as well. Such an American acknowledgment that the separatistsin Kashmir are in terrorist activities will legitimize every action of Indiaand leave Pakistan in a tight spot.4 Thus,blocking any international intervention, india wields the Kashmir issue, whichit strives to reflect to the world as its own national security problem, as ameans of oppression on Pakistan and India’s uncompromising attitude towardsKashmir is aimed to enervate Pakistan’s maneuvering area and leave it desperatein defiance of Indian demands.