The Indian Perspectives over Kashmir

Kashmir, where the struggle of power up to
threat of nuclear weapons within the tension created by the competitive
environment of two rival countries challenging to get their side of the
argument adopted in the region, has become a symbol of the ongoing
confrontation between India and Pakistan. India’s presence in Kashmir is
predicated on the fact that it regards it as an essential component so as to
manage to maintain its secular and democratic structure. India does not want to
lose control over the region where 20% Hindu live, nor does it intend to allow its
counterpart to gain an advantageous position by exerting any Pakistani dominance.
Simply, India considers Kashmir as an integral element to its integrity and regards
the issue resolved through this way while accusing Pakistan of supporting
separatists in the region at issue. Accordingly, it is compelling for Indian
argument to get acknowledged by the United States that the separatists in
Kashmir are involved in terrorist activity and also to present Pakistan as a
state that fosters and nurtures terrorism in the international system in order
to to
justify the India’s actions there.1

In parallel with such an attempt, India
aims to have the terrorist events in Kashmir perceived in its unfavor in the
international arena. Furhermore, by putting military power at the forefront, it
rejects any international mediation offer related to Kashmir to prevent the the
issue from gaining an international character in talks with Pakistan.
Interfering with any international intervention, it manipulates Kashmir dispute
to exert pressure on Pakistan through the exposure of the issue as a matter of
its own national security while this uncompromising attitude reduces Pakistan’s
maneuvering area and leaves it desperate in the face of Indian demands. As India
hasnot managed to fully legitimize its sovereignty over Kashmir, the civil war
in the region is still ongoing.2
Similarly, the hard measures taken by India as well as alleged support to sepearatist
groups by Pakistan make the case even more difficult to resolve. The proposal
by the UN to make public referendums in the region is constantly rejected by
India inasmuch as India is a country with a large number of ethnic groups and there
should absolutely be no concession to the demands for independence in order to
protect the integrity of the country.

 India denies the two-nations theory put
forward by Pakistan and asserts that Kashmir is an integral part of India
despite the Muslim majority. Likewise, the unofficial views and allegations of
India argue Pakistan has been fueling hatred and black propaganda against India
on radio and television programs. While India displays an authoritarian regime
in order to exercise authority in Kashmir, the people of Kashmir offer resistance
to gain freedom. Sovereignty over Kashmir is of paramount importance for India
to demonstrate to the world that India is a powerful state, which is capable of
fighting against violence, and has succeeded in it. The control of Kashmir, on
the other hand, is like a symbol of indivisible territorial integrity and being
a nation state for India.3
However, this control of the region is accompanied by a definition that
Kashmir’s claims are a threat to India’s integrity. In this direction, the
enemy that India presents to the world public is the Muslims in Kashmir.

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all of these initiatives lies the Indian effort to draw attention to the facts
that India is a victim of the terrorism in Kashmir, which originates from
Pakistan and that both countries share the same destiny as terrorism has
victimized the US as well. Such an American acknowledgment that the separatists
in Kashmir are in terrorist activities will legitimize every action of India
and leave Pakistan in a tight spot.4 Thus,
blocking any international intervention, india wields the Kashmir issue, which
it strives to reflect to the world as its own national security problem, as a
means of oppression on Pakistan and India’s uncompromising attitude towards
Kashmir is aimed to enervate Pakistan’s maneuvering area and leave it desperate
in defiance of Indian demands.


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