21st century, an era of technological advancement, globalization,information and technology, the Internet has transformed the whole world into aglobal village. In the preset century the world is facing manyglobal issues which is a threat to the humanity and human development likerecently emerged global issues such as climate change, nuclear war, terrorism,etc. All issues have gradual development, which can be seen by the humanconsciousness, but terrorism is such an issue, which takes place behind ourback, without any knowledge of the incident to the society.
————-” the 20th century ended in 1991 & the 21stcentury started on 9/11″ Terrorism is the most heinous activity in the world; the word”terrorism” is derived from the French term “terrorisme”. Terrorism historically emerged as anevent during the French revolution in 1789. To gain sovereign control over theFrench society which resulted in a many acts of violence and crime to createfear among the citizen by way of coercive means and to over throw currentsovereign with a new sovereign. This was called as the regime of terror.The western world portrays the origin of terrorism in the late1990’s but terrorism was used as a political tool since ancient times toachieve political aims, it emerged as a global problem in the 20thcentury.
DEFINITION: – Terrorism may have many definitions as there is no specificdefinition to terrorism. From a very long time UN is trying to frame a definition onterrorism but is unable to succeed. One of the prime reason isterrorism being used as a political tool at the international level by thenation state. For example, on the issueof Masood Azhar , the UN designated terrorist, china uses his veto inUNSC(security Council) against designating Masood Azhar as InternationalTerrorist. “Terrorism may just be a crime or retaliation to unjustoppression. Dictionaries to give a different meaning.
“- Hon. Mr. Justice AzizM. Ahmadi ( Former Chief Justice of India.) One problem in defining terrorism lies in the observation that “one man’s terrorist is another man’s freedom fighter.” Leonard Weinberg and Paul Davis have described terrorism as ” thevoice of the voiceless, hoping to be heard by the powerful.” “The method whereby an organized group or party seeks to achieveits allowed aims and objectives chiefly through systematic use of violence.” Hence, it is not possibleto provide a prescribed definition on terrorism.