Qualities of an Effective Team

Teams are important because it reduces the workload and increases productivity that one person cannot do.

The qualities of an effective team are important as it holds responsibilities between teams and in that team everyone has responsibilities. Due to this everyone is more calm and relaxed in their work as they are concentrating in more of their own field of work rather then something they cannot do and brings out more independence within the staff. To achieve aims and objectives every team member needs to look out for each other by supporting one another and offering help when needed.

As everyone has their own job to do when working in a team it keeps the team effective as deadlines are met as team members concentrate more to achieving the aim then anything else. Team members can make decisions to what is to happen in the team but the leader of the team needs to be informed about these ideas and decisions as he is the one to make the last call. Productivity falls due to the failure of job rotation being in place, this is needed for a team to be effective.When a team member is absent his job needs to be done, this is when job rotation comes in.

It involves another member of the team to fill in the place of the absentee, but the member filling in must know how to do the job properly and making sure they keep that level of productivity they are at. BMW have an effective team in place as the case study says that the teams are able to make decisions with a high working job rotation scheme in place being able to meet their aims and objectives.This shows that the team can work together as they are able to help each other using the job rotation scheme and with their knowledge, skills and ideas put in place they are able to make decisions which could possibly make greater changes to the team and the business itself. Another quality which BMW have is the ownership role and referring back to the case study it says that management does get involved in working on the production tasks as well as the ideas from the staff have managed to save BMW a lot of money.This indicates that everyone has ownership one way or another, on the production tasks the members have ownership in what they do during production giving them a bit of independency.

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Managers do get involved with this but mainly to help the staff solve tough problems which waste a lot of time on production. The managers getting involved keeps the production line flowing as their involvement speeds up processes. BMW introduced team talks where the staffs ideas and suggestions can be heard.This is effective team work as it shows a sense of motivation and involvement which the staff can feel. Their ideas are taken into consideration and can help the business be more successful. The saving on money from ideas that was out across by the staff shows that the team is effective.

In this part of the assignment I will be talking about leadership and the different types of leadership skills there are. I will be explaining what leadership is, the skills needed for a positive leader and what effects an unskilled leader has on a team. Leadership What is Leadership:Leadership means working with and through people by providing them with a vision of the future which is meaningful to them and motivating.

Leadership is both strategic and pragmatic and encourages all members of a team to deliver their best as an individual and as a team member. By having a good leader means more work will be done and there will be a high level of productivity. Being a leader does not necessarily mean being a manager. Mangers work to carry out aims of the business the leader intends to make new aims and change old ones and take upon new courses of action.

Leaders provide that bit of encouragement into a team by keeping them on their feet, setting each individual aims, plan what the staff need to do in order to achieve the goal and keep the manger happy and leaders also have problem solving mind as they always find ways to solve problems to improve even better on their work and also the work of the team. A leader works with others to make changes to make a difference within the business. Leadership Styles There are 5 different styles in which a leader may work in, it are the style that suits them the best and the style that keeps the team running in all businesses, and these styles are:Democratic In a Democratic style, the manager allows the employees to take part in decision-making: therefore everything is agreed by the majority. The communication is extensive in both directions (from subordinates to leaders and vice-versa). This style can be particularly useful when complex decisions need to be made that require a range of specialist skills: for example, when a new ICT system needs to be put in place and the upper management of the business is computer-illiterate.From the overall business’s point of view, job satisfaction and quality of work will improve.

However, the decision-making process is severely slowed down, and the need of a consensus may avoid taking the ‘best’ decision for the business. Autocratic An Autocratic or authoritarian manager makes all the decisions, keeping the information and decision making among the senior management. Objectives and tasks are set and the workforce is expected to do exactly as required.The communication involved with this method is mainly downward, from the leader to the subordinate, critics such as Elton Mayo have argued that this method can lead to a decrease in motivation from the employee’s point of view. The main advantage of this style is that the direction of the business will remain constant, and the decisions will all be similar, this in turn can project an image of a confident, well managed business. On the other hand, subordinates may become highly dependent upon the leaders and supervision may be needed. PaternalisticA more Paternalistic form is also essentially dictatorial, however the decisions tend to be in the best interests of the employees rather than the business. A good example of this would be David Brent running the business in the fictional television show The Office.

The leader explains most decisions to the employees and ensures that their social and leisure needs are always met. This can help balance out the lack of worker motivation caused by an autocratic management style. Feedback is again generally downward, however feedback to the management will occur in order for the employees to be kept happy.This style can be highly advantageous, and can engender loyalty from the employees, leading to a lower labour turnover, thanks to the emphasis on social needs. It shares similar disadvantages to an authoritarian style; employees becoming highly dependent on the leader, and if the wrong decisions are made, then employees may become dissatisfied with the leader. Laissez-faire In a Laissez-faire leadership style, the leader’s role is peripheral and the staffs manage their own areas of the business; the leader therefore evades the duties of management and uncoordinated delegation occurs.The communication in this style is horizontal, meaning that it is equal in both directions, however very little communication occurs in comparison with other styles. The style brings out the best in highly professional and creative groups of employees, however in many cases it is not deliberate and is simply a result of poor management.

This leads to a lack of staff focus and sense of direction, which in turn leads to much dissatisfaction, and a poor company image. ConsultativeThere are two Consultative leadership styles; the first involves the leader sharing the problems with the relevant team members individually getting their ideas and suggestions without bringing them together as a group. Then the leader makes the decision that may or may not reflect the team member influence. The second style is similar but the leader shares problems with the relevant team members as a group not individually and comes to a decision after gathering all their ideas and suggestions. Interview with Louis StroverLouis Stover is the Head of Business ; IT at John Ruskin College.

He is responsible for managing the Business ; IT team. He has gone through a lot of education to get to where he is now at college he took BTEC National Diploma in hospitality then later on in a college in Bristol he took up another Higher National Diploma course in hotel and catering management. With these degrees he then went on to University of Sheffield where he done a BSC Hons in Hospitality Management and then took up a Post Graduate Certificate in Education in further education and got his teaching qualification.He did not give up after that, he then carried on with his studies and took on an Accounting for Managers, MGT course in education where he qualified and later put him in the position of where he is now. He has been teaching for 12 years and within them 12 years he has been swapping and changing roles.

He has been a lecturer for 3 years teaching hospitality and won national awards for that. He then progressed to course leader and then later was employed at John Ruskin College (JRC) where he was an IT teacher then later progressed to head of IT and Maths for 3 years and then 2 years ago he progressed to ICLT manager.

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