This particular assessment will be focused on my chosen article; Chief executive lifestyle stress by Sutherland, V. J. and Cooper, C. L (1995) and to critically review all aspects of the article. When analysing the article I will reveal assumptions as well as examining construction and structure; to discover the relationship, if any, there is between generalisations and available evidence. To consider gaps in the literature and in evidence, and to discuss how far basic concepts can be defined more rigorously and used more consistently.
This will also look at what the author says or imply is her/his object in writing, what is the thesis if there is one? What audience is the piece of work aimed at and at what level (socially, politically and economically context)? Before we critically review the article with the help of other literature and sources, it will be best to express from the writer own point of view of what were the theme relating to stress and the influence it has on Chief Executive Officers lifestyles.
Analysing the article closely Sutherland, V. J. and Cooper, C. L express stress as a body condition that occurs in response to actual or anticipated difficulties in life. Chief Executive official for example experience stress as a result of major event in their lives, people may experience stress when they perceive a threat to themselves, for example a person that feel unable to cope effectively at a managerial (top executive level) may experience stress.
J. Arnald, C. L Cooper and I.T Robertson (1998) P450 say; Important people who are on top of the hierarchical table often get bombarded with a lot of work and important decision-making, which help sharp up the business success, common signs of stress includes an increased heart rate, higher blood pressure, muscle tension, metal depression, and inability to concentrate.
Typical reactions include social withdrawal, an increased use of tobacco, alcohol, or drugs and feeling helplessness about the situation. The author emphasizes his writing on different social group at work, talks about the increase of workloads and the effectives it has on managerial level.
His writing is mainly focused on research materials and facts (known as collective piece of work), the article is easy to read and to obtain key factors necessary because the writer made use of diagrams, charts and clear structured English which makes it more understandable to follow. The article was published in the mid 1980s emphasizing main issues on Chief Executive Official lifestyles involving stress impacts and what social groups are seriously affected by work burnout between 1980s and 1990s.
One of the most important assets of the article is the immense amount of data that has been collected, providing valuable normative information. Unfortunately these norms have been published on the basis of score key, which, if the present score result are replicated, should be abandoned. Within the context or headings the writer includes questionnaires that was used to provide biographical and demographical details such as (location type of industry, age and gender), and some information about their work life and working pattern, such as hours of working, job satisfaction.
Intention to quit and manpower requirement, they were also asked to identify potential sources of stress at work. Results heading contains the replies of the questionnaire based on lifestyle of Chief Executives Official in different countries across the world. His finding shows that on average 10. 8 hours was being completed each day by the CEO and two third of the sample worked between 9. 5 and 12. 5, approximately 65 of CEOs in Great Britain and in Scandinavia the length of working day was acceptable and only 5 per cent indicated that the hours were “far too much”.
Job satisfaction is another heading looked at whereby, a high proportion overall still believes that there are many conditions about the job that could be improved. This was more of an issue in other EEC countries than in Great Britain. The remaining headings within the article is as follows; the future for business, Health and well-being, psychological well-being, Identifying stress, Stress and age, perceptions of stress among the spouse/partners of CEOs, The changing of stress 1984 and 1990, Spouse/partner respondents – the sample, Match/mismatch in the perception of stress, the impact of a CEO lifestyle; spouse/partner perceptions
The intention of the author as indicated by their introduction is to analyse the role of executives managers, the author expressed within the introduction that; chief executive is likely to be high and so it is necessary to understand these pressure and commitments in order to make decision about how to overcome or what rewards they should receive in exchange for this way of life. By collecting relevant information necessary the author produce questionnaire, which enable their feedback to be effective.
The writer does not develop a negative or positive argument under any circumstances, because his main object as established above is to get feedback and responses of the CEOs about their lifestyle and to underline whether stress is an issue and if so what are the courses and the effects if there is any. The writer focuses result based on statistics, however, the writer does not evaluate the situation by suggesting a possible solution to their problems. Argument are developed by relies.
Harry.M (1975) gives an ideal solution of how managerial problems are developed, the course and how to deal with such peculiar situation. The result shows that a large percentage of CEOs are not happy about their current situation, when asked “what would encourage you not to leave top management”, it was responded by others that, more leisure time was the most requested solution, other form of encouragement was demand more money, gaining more autonomy, the opportunity for early retirement, additional perks/ benefits, less interference by the government, hour being more flexible.
The author’s also stated in their introduction that; benefits and perks of the job are indeed, only equitable with the demand on them, but stress involves itself with a whole lot of health problems which could have serious effects on individuality. T. G. P Rogers, director of personnel. The plessey company Ltd cited in Harry. M (1975); argues in relation to this article say; “There are undoubtedly stressed individuals on the shop floor and in the general office.
But among the trouble comes most often from sources in private life – family, money, neighbours, anxieties and conflicts remote from the jobs. This writer believes that stress is caused by the condition of work afflicts those who have special working responsibility, in particular responsibility for managing other people. The writer here also emphasize his points stating that stress is not simply just developed at work, but there is no denying that senior managers are under continual pressure and strains and the only possible solution is to reduce working hours other then enforcing additional benefits.