Lastly, motivating groups can contribute to the behaviour of its individual. It’s because when you motivate a group, the group will exist a group norm which facilitate group task achievement.

Elton Mayo, an Australian psychologist, sociologist and organization theorist, proposes ‘the existence of group norms, expected modes of behaviour and beliefs that are established either formally or informally by a group.”The group norm is used to facilitate group task achievement and increase the predictability of group member’s behaviours. Therefore, groups can be more effective to work because it can predict different members’ behaviour. Besides, it reduces embarrassing interpersonal problems for group members and expresses the group’s core values and defines their distinctiveness.

Thus, group members can be motivated by reducing embarrassing interpersonal problems for group members because they will be no shy to express their opinion. Besides, they can be motivated by reducing negative argument between them because these sorts of argument get the goal worse. After that, more and more opinions from the group members will come out, which makes the goal achievement successfully.The difference between motivating a group and motivating an individual is motivating an individual is that, firstly, motivating an individual, he or she would do their work by themselves only. They wouldn’t have any interaction with other people and they just have their own perception only.

It, therefore, the creating of new ideas becomes hard because they have to improve by themselves. There is no one can help or assist them. Finally, it’s more difficult compared with the group. However, when people motivate a group, the group would have an interaction which makes the ideas more creative and more functional.Secondly, when someone motivates an individual, he or she would improve their performance by themselves. They don’t have any members to help them. No one can assist them to find out the mistake.

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Besides, an individual cannot do the performance in front of any audience (members) because they do not have that. Therefore, the performance of an individual would be difficult to improve.However, when people motivate a group, it is not a problem because there are many members to assist them to improve or point out the mistake of them.

It can change their performance easily. Therefore, the probabilities of achieving goal are very high. On the other hand, teamwork doesn’t really assist the goal achievement because there are negative synergies. Negative synergies mean group members working together would get a worse result. In the mathematical equivalent would be 2+2=3. It’s because there are many tensions, conflicts, obstacles and problems between them. Therefore, there is an advantage in motivating an individual.Finally, when someone motivates an individual, he or she would change their behaviour.

For example: when an individual are motivated by some valuable things such as money, he or she would work hard or more conscientious. It’s because everyone has their desires. If these desires are in front of them, he or she would be motivated immediately. However, there is a difference between motivating a group and motivating an individual in behaviour. In the motivating a group, members can express their opinions enthusiastically because there is a group norm to reduce embarrassing interpersonal problems. It makes the idea much better because all perceptions of group members come out absolutely.

Thus, different kind of motivations has different sort of efforts and the result of the achievement is completely different.To conclude, motivating groups may different from motivating an individual because there is a different aspect. If people want to have a better motivation, it should depend on what goal achievement you want on different conditions. Motivating a group doesn’t mean it must be better than motivating an individual.

It’s because motivating a group would occur many arguments tensions between them.On the other hand, motivating an individual doesn’t mean it must be better than motivating a group because motivating an individual doesn’t have any interaction. It cause ideas or perceptions of an individual does not be diversified and the performance cannot be improved effectively. Motivating a group and motivating an individual have their different advantages and disadvantages, if someone want to motivate well, they have to consider seriously before when they are making any decision.

BibliographyBaron,R.S. ; Kerr, N.L.(2003). Group process, group decision, group action (2nd edn). Milton Keynes: Open University Press.Maslow,A(1954).

Motivation and personality. New York; Jossey-BassDuBrin, A.J. (1994). Applying psychology: individual and organizational effectiveness. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: prentice hall.Feldman, D.C (1984).

The development and enforcement of group norms. Academy of Management Review, 9(1), 47-53Hare, A.P. (1992). Groups, teams and social interactions. New York: Prager.