Different mixtures of garden soil and agricultural wastes (100% garden soil, 50% garden soil + 50% rice hull, 50% garden soil + 50% saw dust, 50% garden soil + 50% peanut shells and 50% garden soil + 50% coir dust) were used as growing media for Lakatan (Musa acuminata) plantlets and the mixture that has the most likeable effects on the growth of the plantlets was determined. Data (such as number of leaves, girth, and shoot length) were gathered weekly in a span of about 10 weeks.Afterwards, the collected data were compared and analyzed. Leaves and soil samples were also collected for analysis. The mixture of peanut shells and garden soil caused the plants to grow the fastest and healthiest. On the other hand, mixture of pure garden soil caused the plants to grow faster but not that healthier. Other mixtures (that with coir dust and rice hull), produced more weeds and nearly have no or little effects on the growth of the plants.
In contrast, mixture of 50% garden soil + 50% saw dust was not effective for it ceased the growth of almost all the plants or replicates in that treatment. The Philippines is a predominantly agricultural country with 47 percent of total land area (about 13 million hectares) devoted to it. In terms of employment, the sector accounts for about half of the total labor force. Agriculture has been a main driver of economic growth in recent years as a result mainly of structural reforms and generally favorable weather.In 2000, the sector accounted for 20 percent of GDP and registered growth of 3. 9 percent. This has declined to 3.
5 percent in 2002 due mainly to a mild El Nino. Nonetheless, the government is determined to make agriculture into a modern, dynamic and competitive sector. But with these improvements, billions of tons of agricultural wastes are produced every year.
Agricultural waste is defined as ‘waste from premises used for agriculture within the meaning of the Agriculture Act 1947, the Agriculture Act 1948 or the Agriculture Act 1949’.Agriculture therefore includes: horticulture, fruit growing, seed growing, dairy farming and livestock breeding and keeping, the use of land as grazing land, meadow land, osier land, market gardens and nursery grounds, and the use of land for woodlands where that use is ancillary to the farming of land for other agricultural purposes. Agricultural wastes include, for example, waste silage wrap, waste pesticide containers, waste pesticides, scrap machinery, waste oils, waste veterinary medicines and animal manure or organic plant wastes.The main problems facing rural villages in developing countries are those agricultural wastes, sewages, and municipal solid wastes. However, few studies have been conducted on the utilization of agricultural waste for composting and/or animal fodder.
Most of the proposed solutions have not been implemented because they did not meet the basic elements of sustainability: social progression, technical and technological improvements, environmental protection and economical development. (El-Haggar et al., 2000)Agricultural waste, when properly used, can be a valuable addition to a farming operation’s resource system. It can be an excellent fertilizer and will improve soil characteristics by adding organic matter. In fact, farmers and gardeners have long recognized the importance of replacing nutrients and organic matter that are depleted under continuous cropping. Depending upon the material, agricultural wastes can supply macronutrients and micronutrients (Ca, Mg, P) to the soil for use by crops.These materials can replace part of or all synthetic fertilizers that are economically and statistically of high price and are not that affordable for our commercial and non-commercial farmers.
Adding organic matter to mineral soils can improve their physical properties (infiltration, water holding, structure, etc. ) and chemical properties (Cation Exchange Capacity, fertility, etc. ) Through the utilization of agricultural wastes, producers can benefit (and possibly derive marketing potential) from materials that otherwise may be placed into landfills or present environmental pollution problems.And with the proper use of such agricultural wastes horticultural industries specifically the banana industry will surely improve and stabilize. With over 4, 155, 700 metric tons of bananas produced by the Philippines every year, banana, Musa sapientum, is one of the most common crops that are grown and exported (about $241 million of exports). (Valmayor et al. , 2000). Due to this phenomenon, researchers further study different ways of inducing the growth and producing more and better varieties of bananas.
Today, institutes like IPB (Institute of Plant Breeding at UP Los Baos) are studying faster ways of producing bananas. In fact, 30 varieties of bananas are cultivated. Along with these, recent studies are being conducted to determine the best growing media for Lakatan, Musa acuminata, a common species of banana that is found in the Philippines. Lakatan is grown in backyards and commercial farms all over the country. It is the most highly priced variety in domestic markets and its fruit size ranges from about 110 to 112 grams, while its diameter ranges from 13 to 14 centimeters (Valmayor et al.
, 2000).This research study aims to determine the best soil and agricultural waste (humus) media, which could improve the growth of Lakatan seedlings the most. It also looks into the potential of selected agricultural wastes as readily available fertilizers and planting media for the growth and development of Lakatan plantlets. This study aims to expand the production of banana through the use of the best agricultural waste determined in the experiment, at the same time this study focuses in the recycling of agricultural wastes.