1.     We came across accidents happening at curves atthe hill stations due to lack of awareness of vehicles coming from the oppositedirection.

So to avoid this we can use an ultrasonic sensor to detect thevehicle and display it on a screen so that it alerts the driver coming fromopposite direction to slow down the vehicle. The samesystem can be used to drive in fog where the driver cannot see the vehicleahead.2.

     Proximity sensor placed at different position inthe vehicle can be used to detect humps so that driver can be alerted to slowdown the vehicle.3.     Accidents also occur due to stress of driver.Using brain waves one can detect weather the driver is falling sleep and basedon this, driver can be alerted and vehicle speed can also be reduced afterindicating it through switching on the parking lights.4.     Traffic congestion can be reduced by sending thedetails to the driver regarding the traffic in one particular area and allowingthe driver to take another route such that distributing the number of vehiclesto different routes. This can be implemented using GPS system.

5.     Traffic is also caused dueto rash driving. Here we detect rash driving by placing a sensor on thesteering wheel which sends us the information and send information to thenearest check port or station to further actions. To achieve this we aremonitoring the vehicle movement in other words if a person is misusing thetraffic area by zigzag driving or rash driving in the roads then in vehiclethis system has to be implemented to track the vehicle moving in a zigzagfashion then automatically send message signal to the nearest check post withthe help of RF transmitter. According to message signal we can take up furtheractions.

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6.     We should develop a system if in case accident hasoccurred to help the victim to deal with it and also to avoid further traffic.This is done using tilt sensor and GPS where the sensor attached to the vehicledetects the tilt angle and location of accident and sends the message to nearbyhospital, Police station and to victim’s family members using IOT. If the accident is not serious the driver is alert enough topress a button which stops sending message. 7.     The smarter vehicle also should be energyefficient.

Many a times we have witnessed a situation where a driver keeps theengine of the vehicle turned on when in no use. We can develop a system tomonitor this by turning off the engine automatically if the vehicle is in restfor some particular extent. Hence all these ideas can be brought under oneroof using “Internet of Things” technology to implement in every vehicle tomake a safer, smarter and sustainable transportation system.