1.

   Swift wrote “A Modest Proposal” under a pseudonym, sowho is the speaker here? I feel the “speaker” here is a protestant and most likely a memberof the upper class Irish society. 2.   Discuss the tone of the piece. Pull examples from the text tosupport your discussion.

Swifts tone in “A Modest Proposal” is ironic and extremely cynicalin nature. This becomes very apparent when he says “young healthy child wellnursed, is, at a year old, a most delicious nourishing and wholesome food,whether stewed, roasted, baked, or boiled; and I make no doubt that it willequally serve in a fricassee, or a ragoust.” (Line 30 Swift) Proposing the ideaof committing cannibalism on young children. 3.   As you know, effective argumentation appeals to logic (logos),ethics (ethos), and emotions (pathos). Please discuss how Swift uses all threeappeals and how these tools impact his purpose. Swift uses logos by showingall of the analytical evidence of why his argument would be sound and why hesupports it. Swift uses ethos by drawing on the ethics of the listener orreader when he states the reasons that we can do something and we should dosomething.

Swift uses pathos by drawing on the emotions of the listener orreader when he states the people he is trying to help and all of the hardshipsthey face.4.   Explain the irony in Swift’s title, “A ModestProposal.” Swifts title is ironic because modest means having or showing amoderate or humble estimate of one’s merits, importance, etc. However,proposals of cannibalism and similar actions are outlandish and completelyimmoral to any sane person. 5.   Where does this essay fit on the continuum (Horatian toJuvenalian)? Explain and support your position.

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This essayfits more towards the Juvenalian side of the continuum because Juvenaliansatire is bitter and ironic criticism of contemporary personsand institutions that is filled with personal invective, angry moralindignation, and pessimism.A Juvenalian satirist is much more likely to seethe target of his satire as harmful to society. Swift not only criticizes theIrish people for doing nothing for themselves, but he alsoreveals the hypocrisy of the wealthy and the tyranny of the English.6.   Why is “A Modest Proposal” an effective satire? Whattechniques does Swift use effectively? Support your answers with examples fromthe text. Swift effectively uses satire and irony to make his point known. Hisdescriptions and proposition of cannibalism are grotesque in order to make hisaudience question their own morality.

It begins with the title, which isironical in itself, nothing about Swift’s proposal is modest. This produces questionand surprise from the audience, effectively winning their interest. His use ofsatire allows him to more harshly get his point across, while also provokingthe audience to ridicule the Irish. Adding statistics to support his assertionsonly furthers the possibility of his proposal being possible, and couldeffectively convince his audience of it to some degree.