1.

      How these fires were helpful in regards tochanging life safety codes in current buildings?Investigation in to the both events showed inadequate fire protection and safety systems withinthe school which was main reason behind deaths. Since after the event ofTriangle Shirtwaist Fire occurred NFPA an organization that looked into thematter of proper safety of life looked in to the matter and revised theirstandards and code for safety of life and placed life safety a head of propertyprotection. In 1916, the committee’s work was published in a pamphlet, “OutsideStairs for Fire Exits.” In 1918, another committee report was published in apamphlet titled “Safeguarding Factory Workers from Fire.” The pamphlets werewidely circulated, put into general use, and, with other documents, form thebasis of the present Life Safety Code. According to NFPA investigation reporton the matter of Our Lady of Angles displayed the main reason for loss of lifewas the inadequate exits points. In 1960 it was proposed that schools should bemade according to following safety standard groups. One story building withexterior or interior access, or multi story buildings with access only byexterior balconies and outside stairs, Existing buildings, Sprinkleredbuildings, Buildings of two stories or more with egress through corridors andinterior stairways, Open-plan schools.

In 1960 building code was reformed thatall parts of buildings are to be sprinklered, also the aloowable traveldistance to exits were increased from 100ft to 150 ft.2.      What did we learn about combustion as aresult of these tragic fires?Combustion in these residence mainly occurreddue to low level security and use of old standards for life safety. Exit pointswere not placed accordingly and also building designs. One of the main reasonis also not using sprinklered’s. The safety design for both buildings wereoutdated and needed a lot of improvements after a long discussions NPFAreformed all their outdated safety standards into new one.

3.      What changes came from these particularfires?Combustible interiorfinish was considered as one of the main cause that led to fire spread in OurLady of Angles School. 92 students and 3 nuns died as a result of the fire, alot of others were injured and burned severely.

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This life taking event causedby fire took international attention and encouraged a lot of changes andadvancements in the system of fire safety codes and regulations governing U.S.schools and other public buildings. Same goes with the Triangle ShirtwaistFire after the event at 1915 Annual meeting, NFPA make a lot of changes andrevised specifications for fire escapes, it broadens its focus to life safety. In1916, the committee’s work was published in a pamphlet, “Outside Stairs forFire Exits.” In 1918, another committee report was published in a pamphlettitled “Safeguarding Factory Workers from Fire.” The pamphlets were widelycirculated, put into general use, and, with other documents, form the basis ofthe present Life Safety Code.

………………………………………………………………………………………Isthere potential for tragic fires today and why?Today we talk of the ‘common denominator’ oftragic fire incidents as a short list of fuels, weather and topographic characteristicsshared by fires that blew up and killed fire fighters. Difference in humanbehaviours and situational creativities are the reason for tragedies andgreatest successes. The behaviour failure during the time of emergency is agreat cause towards catastrophic event that leads to life loss.

The potentialfor loss of life in forest fires, due to burns or other fire-induced causes, ishigher now than ever before. Many people live in or play in the wildlands. Differentdepartments are in work to minimize the loss or to stop it completely butunfortunately many life loss events occurs in today’s world after a theprecautions and security parameters applied.